Muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic mechanisms in the mesostriatal dopamine systems

Fuming Zhou, Charles Wilson, John A. Dani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

115 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The striatum and its dense dopaminergic innervation originating in the midbrain, primarily from the substantia nigra pars compacta and the ventral tegmental area, compose the mesostriatal dopamine (DA) systerns. The nigrostriatal system is involved mainly in motor coordination and in disorders such as Tourette's syndrome, Huntington's disease, and Parkinson's disease. The dopaminergic projections from the ventral tegmental area to the striatum participate more in the processes that shape behaviors leading to reward, and addictive drugs act upon this mesolimbic system. The midbrain DA areas receive cholinergic innervation from the pedunculopontine tegmentum and the laterodorsal pontine tegmentum, whereas the striatum receives dense cholinergic innervation from local interneurons. The various neurons of the mesostriatal systems express multiple types of muscarinic and nicotinic acetylcholine receptors as well as DA receptors. Especially in the striatum, the dense mingling of dopaminergic and cholinergic constituents enables potent interactions. Evidence indicates that cholinergic and dopaminergic systems work together to produce the coordinated functioning of the striatum. Loss of that cooperative activity contributes to the dysfunction underlying Parkinson's disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroscientist
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003

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Cholinergic Agents
Dopamine
Ventral Tegmental Area
Mesencephalon
Parkinson Disease
Tourette Syndrome
Huntington Disease
Dopamine Receptors
Nicotinic Receptors
Muscarinic Receptors
Interneurons
Reward
Neurons
Pharmaceutical Preparations

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic mechanisms in the mesostriatal dopamine systems. / Zhou, Fuming; Wilson, Charles; Dani, John A.

In: Neuroscientist, Vol. 9, No. 1, 01.02.2003, p. 23-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Zhou, Fuming ; Wilson, Charles ; Dani, John A. / Muscarinic and nicotinic cholinergic mechanisms in the mesostriatal dopamine systems. In: Neuroscientist. 2003 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 23-36.
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