Muscle size responses to strength training in young and older men and women

Stephen M. Roth, Fred M. Ivey, Greg F. Martel, Jeff T. Lemmer, Diane E. Hurlbut, Eliot L. Siegel, E. Metter, Jerome L. Fleg, James L. Fozard, Matthew C. Kostek, David M. Wernick, Ben F. Hurley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

90 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To examine the possible influences of age and gender on muscle volume responses to strength training (ST). DESIGN: Prospective intervention study. SETTING: University of Maryland Exercise Science and Wellness Research Laboratories. PARTICIPANTS: Eight young men (age 20-30 years), six young women (age 20-30 years), nine older men (age 65-75 years), and ten older women (age 65-75 years). INTERVENTION: A 6-month whole-body ST program that exercised all major muscle groups of the upper and lower body 3 days/week. MEASUREMENTS: Thigh and quadriceps muscle volumes and mid-thigh muscle cross-sectional area (CSA) were assessed by magnetic resonance imaging before and after the ST program. RESULTS: Thigh and quadriceps muscle volume increased significantly in all age and gender groups as a result of ST (P < .001), with no significant differences between the groups. Modest correlations were observed between both the change in quadriceps versus the change in total thigh muscle volume (r = 0.65; P < .001) and the change in thigh muscle volume versus the change in mid-thigh CSA (r = 0.76, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The results indicate that neither age nor gender affects muscle volume response to whole-body ST. Muscle volume, rather than muscle CSA, is recommended for studying muscle mass responses to ST.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1428-1433
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
Volume49
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 22 2001

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Resistance Training
Thigh
Muscles
Quadriceps Muscle
Education
Age Groups
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Prospective Studies
Exercise

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Roth, S. M., Ivey, F. M., Martel, G. F., Lemmer, J. T., Hurlbut, D. E., Siegel, E. L., ... Hurley, B. F. (2001). Muscle size responses to strength training in young and older men and women. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49(11), 1428-1433. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.4911233.x

Muscle size responses to strength training in young and older men and women. / Roth, Stephen M.; Ivey, Fred M.; Martel, Greg F.; Lemmer, Jeff T.; Hurlbut, Diane E.; Siegel, Eliot L.; Metter, E.; Fleg, Jerome L.; Fozard, James L.; Kostek, Matthew C.; Wernick, David M.; Hurley, Ben F.

In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Vol. 49, No. 11, 22.11.2001, p. 1428-1433.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Roth, SM, Ivey, FM, Martel, GF, Lemmer, JT, Hurlbut, DE, Siegel, EL, Metter, E, Fleg, JL, Fozard, JL, Kostek, MC, Wernick, DM & Hurley, BF 2001, 'Muscle size responses to strength training in young and older men and women', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 49, no. 11, pp. 1428-1433. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1532-5415.2001.4911233.x
Roth, Stephen M. ; Ivey, Fred M. ; Martel, Greg F. ; Lemmer, Jeff T. ; Hurlbut, Diane E. ; Siegel, Eliot L. ; Metter, E. ; Fleg, Jerome L. ; Fozard, James L. ; Kostek, Matthew C. ; Wernick, David M. ; Hurley, Ben F. / Muscle size responses to strength training in young and older men and women. In: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. 2001 ; Vol. 49, No. 11. pp. 1428-1433.
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AU - Siegel, Eliot L.

AU - Metter, E.

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AU - Fozard, James L.

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AU - Wernick, David M.

AU - Hurley, Ben F.

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