Neighborhood impact on healthy food availability and pricing in food stores

Rebecca Krukowski, Delia Smith West, Jean Harvey-Berino, T. Elaine Prewitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

63 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Availability and price of healthy foods in food stores has the potential to influence purchasing patterns, dietary intake, and weight status of individuals. This study examined whether demographic factors of the store neighborhood or store size have an impact on the availability and price of healthy foods in sample of grocery stores and supermarkets. The Nutrition Environment Measures Study-Store (NEMS-S) instrument, a standardized observational survey, was utilized to evaluate food stores (N = 42) in a multi-site (Vermont and Arkansas) study in 2008. Census data associated with store census tract (median household income and proportion African-American) were used to characterize store neighborhood and number of cash registers was used to quantify store size. Median household income was significantly associated with the NEMS healthy food availability score (r = 0.36, P < 0.05); neither racial composition (r = -0.23, P = 0.14) nor store size (r = 0.27, P = 0.09) were significantly related to the Availability score. Larger store size (r = 0.40, P < 0.01) was significantly associated with the NEMS-S Price scores, indicating more favorable prices for healthier items; neither racial composition nor median household income were significantly related to the Price score (P's > 0.05). Even among supermarkets, healthier foods are less available in certain neighborhoods, although, when available, the quality of healthier options did not differ, suggesting that targeting availability may offer promise for policy initiatives. Furthermore, increasing access to larger stores that can offer lower prices for healthier foods may provide another avenue for enhancing food environments to lower disease risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

pricing
food
Costs and Cost Analysis
Food
Censuses
household income
census
demographic factors
African Americans
nutrition
Demography
Disease
Weights and Measures

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Neighborhood impact on healthy food availability and pricing in food stores. / Krukowski, Rebecca; West, Delia Smith; Harvey-Berino, Jean; Elaine Prewitt, T.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 35, No. 3, 01.06.2010, p. 315-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krukowski, Rebecca ; West, Delia Smith ; Harvey-Berino, Jean ; Elaine Prewitt, T. / Neighborhood impact on healthy food availability and pricing in food stores. In: Journal of Community Health. 2010 ; Vol. 35, No. 3. pp. 315-320.
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