Neurohypophyseal System

C. D. Sladek, William Armstrong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The neurohypophyseal system consists of the neurons in the hypothalamus that synthesize the hormones vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin, their axons that project to the neural lobe of the pituitary, and their terminals in the posterior pituitary. These hormones are hallmarks of mammalian physiology: vasopressin regulates water retention by the kidneys resulting in formation of concentrated urine, thus allowing mammals to live on land; oxytocin causes constriction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and mammary glands, thus allowing mammals to give birth to live young and provide milk to nourish their offspring. In turn, vasopressin secretion is regulated predominantly by receptors that monitor the osmolality of the extracellular fluid as well as blood volume and pressure, whereas oxytocin secretion is stimulated by stretch of the cervix (during birth) and suckling of the young (during lactation).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages449-458
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

Fingerprint

Vasopressins
Oxytocin
Mammals
Hormones
Posterior Pituitary Gland
Extracellular Fluid
Live Birth
Human Mammary Glands
Blood Volume
Lactation
Constriction
Cervix Uteri
Osmolar Concentration
Hypothalamus
Uterus
Smooth Muscle
Axons
Milk
Urine
Parturition

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Sladek, C. D., & Armstrong, W. (2009). Neurohypophyseal System. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 449-458). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6

Neurohypophyseal System. / Sladek, C. D.; Armstrong, William.

Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2009. p. 449-458.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Sladek, CD & Armstrong, W 2009, Neurohypophyseal System. in Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, pp. 449-458. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6
Sladek CD, Armstrong W. Neurohypophyseal System. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd. 2009. p. 449-458 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6
Sladek, C. D. ; Armstrong, William. / Neurohypophyseal System. Encyclopedia of Neuroscience. Elsevier Ltd, 2009. pp. 449-458
@inbook{1947b9648b1c493fbb31ee2b7d4a45a6,
title = "Neurohypophyseal System",
abstract = "The neurohypophyseal system consists of the neurons in the hypothalamus that synthesize the hormones vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin, their axons that project to the neural lobe of the pituitary, and their terminals in the posterior pituitary. These hormones are hallmarks of mammalian physiology: vasopressin regulates water retention by the kidneys resulting in formation of concentrated urine, thus allowing mammals to live on land; oxytocin causes constriction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and mammary glands, thus allowing mammals to give birth to live young and provide milk to nourish their offspring. In turn, vasopressin secretion is regulated predominantly by receptors that monitor the osmolality of the extracellular fluid as well as blood volume and pressure, whereas oxytocin secretion is stimulated by stretch of the cervix (during birth) and suckling of the young (during lactation).",
author = "Sladek, {C. D.} and William Armstrong",
year = "2009",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780080450469",
pages = "449--458",
booktitle = "Encyclopedia of Neuroscience",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - Neurohypophyseal System

AU - Sladek, C. D.

AU - Armstrong, William

PY - 2009/1/1

Y1 - 2009/1/1

N2 - The neurohypophyseal system consists of the neurons in the hypothalamus that synthesize the hormones vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin, their axons that project to the neural lobe of the pituitary, and their terminals in the posterior pituitary. These hormones are hallmarks of mammalian physiology: vasopressin regulates water retention by the kidneys resulting in formation of concentrated urine, thus allowing mammals to live on land; oxytocin causes constriction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and mammary glands, thus allowing mammals to give birth to live young and provide milk to nourish their offspring. In turn, vasopressin secretion is regulated predominantly by receptors that monitor the osmolality of the extracellular fluid as well as blood volume and pressure, whereas oxytocin secretion is stimulated by stretch of the cervix (during birth) and suckling of the young (during lactation).

AB - The neurohypophyseal system consists of the neurons in the hypothalamus that synthesize the hormones vasopressin (also called antidiuretic hormone) and oxytocin, their axons that project to the neural lobe of the pituitary, and their terminals in the posterior pituitary. These hormones are hallmarks of mammalian physiology: vasopressin regulates water retention by the kidneys resulting in formation of concentrated urine, thus allowing mammals to live on land; oxytocin causes constriction of the smooth muscles of the uterus and mammary glands, thus allowing mammals to give birth to live young and provide milk to nourish their offspring. In turn, vasopressin secretion is regulated predominantly by receptors that monitor the osmolality of the extracellular fluid as well as blood volume and pressure, whereas oxytocin secretion is stimulated by stretch of the cervix (during birth) and suckling of the young (during lactation).

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84882813635&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84882813635&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6

DO - 10.1016/B978-008045046-9.00466-6

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780080450469

SP - 449

EP - 458

BT - Encyclopedia of Neuroscience

PB - Elsevier Ltd

ER -