New observations on the mechanisms of antiarrhythmic actions of disopyramide on cardiac membranes

Masayasu Hiraoka, Keisuke Kuga, Seiko Kawano, Akihiko Sunami, Zheng Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Electrophysiologic effects of disopyramide on cardiac membranes were studied using the microelectrode technique applied to papillary muscles and the suction pipette whole-cel damp method applied to isolated ventricular myocytes from guinea-pig hearts. In contrast to previous reports, the development and recovery from the Vmax Mocks of action potentials by disopyramide and lidocaine were best expressed by 2 exponential functions, not 1, suggesting that there might be 2 different processes for the sodium current block. A near-therapeutic concentration (11 μM) of disopyramide depressed Vmax at frequencies of 0.1 to 2.0 Hz decreased action potential amplitude and shortened plateau phase in ventricular myocytes. Action potential duration was prolonged by the drug in most of the preparations but shortened in some. Disopyramide prolonged the refractory period and increased threshold current for excitation. The drug was also shown to depress both the calcium current and the delayed outward potassium current. These multiple actions of disopyramide may explain its variety of antiarrhythmic properties.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe American journal of cardiology
Volume64
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 5 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Disopyramide
Membranes
Action Potentials
Muscle Cells
Papillary Muscles
Suction
Microelectrodes
Lidocaine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Potassium
Guinea Pigs
Sodium
Calcium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

New observations on the mechanisms of antiarrhythmic actions of disopyramide on cardiac membranes. / Hiraoka, Masayasu; Kuga, Keisuke; Kawano, Seiko; Sunami, Akihiko; Fan, Zheng.

In: The American journal of cardiology, Vol. 64, No. 20, 05.12.1989.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hiraoka, Masayasu ; Kuga, Keisuke ; Kawano, Seiko ; Sunami, Akihiko ; Fan, Zheng. / New observations on the mechanisms of antiarrhythmic actions of disopyramide on cardiac membranes. In: The American journal of cardiology. 1989 ; Vol. 64, No. 20.
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