Nitinol arch wire in a simulated oral environment. Changes in mechanical properties

Edward Harris, Sheldon M. Newman, James A. Nicholson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Changes in the mechanical properties of a nickel-titanium orthodontic alloy, nitinol (0.016-inch arch wires), were studied in a simulated oral environment across time, at various levels of acidity, and at different amounts of static deflection. Significant decreases in specific mechanical properties were observed in the incubated wires compared with a group kept dry and unstressed. Ultimate tensile strain, modulus of elasticity, and 0,2% yield strength each decreased. Acidity (pH 3 to 7) and amount of deflection (0 to 4 mm in a 10-mm span) did not affect the wire, but there was a significant, monotonic decrease in yield strength with time in the simulated oral environment. By 4 months this measure of susceptibility to permanent deformation increased by 15%. Consequently, long-term use (or reuse) of a nitinol wire may be associated with a modest, but statistically significant, degradation in performance, notably in the limit of the wire's elasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)508-513
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume93
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

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Elastic Modulus
Elasticity
Orthodontics
nitinol

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Nitinol arch wire in a simulated oral environment. Changes in mechanical properties. / Harris, Edward; Newman, Sheldon M.; Nicholson, James A.

In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 93, No. 6, 01.01.1988, p. 508-513.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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