Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients

Mark Leo Ryan, Angela C. Maxwell, Lisa Manning, Jonathan D. Jacobs, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Alexander Feliz, Regan Williams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

INTRODUCTION Hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable death secondary to traumatic injury. Diagnosis often requires multiple blood draws, which are psychologically stressful in pediatric patients. The Pronto device is a pulse co-oximeter that measures the total hemoglobin level using multiple wavelengths of light. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the noninvasive hemoglobin measurements relative to current invasive and point of care testing methods in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS We performed a prospective observational trial involving patients younger than 17 years presenting to a Level I pediatric trauma center. Following admission, blood was sampled from each patient for testing using an i-Stat device (point-of-care hemoglobin) and a complete blood count within our core laboratory (invasive hemoglobin). Noninvasive hemoglobin analysis was performed within 15 minutes of phlebotomy. Data were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS Over 2 years, 114 patients had attempted noninvasive hemoglobin measurements, with a success rate of 89%. Mean ± SD age was 9.2 ± 5.1 years. Ninety percent of admissions were for blunt injury, 3% penetrating, 5% near drowning, and 1% burns. Mean invasive hemoglobin was 12.6 ± 1.9 g/dL, mean point-of-care hemoglobin was 12.2 ± 2.0 g/dL, and mean noninvasive hemoglobin was 12.3 ± 1.6 g/dL. Noninvasive hemoglobin values were strongly correlated with both invasive and point of care measurements (R = 0.672 and R = 0.645, respectively; p < 0.001). Bland-Altman analysis comparing noninvasive to point-of-care and invasive hemoglobin levels resulted in an estimated bias of -0.39 and -0.49, respectively. CONCLUSION Noninvasive hemoglobin values had excellent correlation with both invasive and point-of-care hemoglobin measurements, although the device was not successful for all patients. Given the rapid availability of results and the lack of requirement of venipuncture, noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring may be a valuable adjunct in the initial evaluation and monitoring of pediatric trauma patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1162-1166
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Volume81
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016

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Hemoglobins
Pediatrics
Wounds and Injuries
Point-of-Care Systems
Phlebotomy
Equipment and Supplies
Near Drowning
Nonpenetrating Wounds
Blood Cell Count
Trauma Centers
Burns
Cause of Death
Hemorrhage
Light

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

Cite this

Ryan, M. L., Maxwell, A. C., Manning, L., Jacobs, J. D., Bachier-Rodriguez, M., Feliz, A., & Williams, R. (2016). Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, 81(6), 1162-1166. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001160

Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients. / Ryan, Mark Leo; Maxwell, Angela C.; Manning, Lisa; Jacobs, Jonathan D.; Bachier-Rodriguez, Marielena; Feliz, Alexander; Williams, Regan.

In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, Vol. 81, No. 6, 01.12.2016, p. 1162-1166.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ryan, ML, Maxwell, AC, Manning, L, Jacobs, JD, Bachier-Rodriguez, M, Feliz, A & Williams, R 2016, 'Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients', Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery, vol. 81, no. 6, pp. 1162-1166. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001160
Ryan ML, Maxwell AC, Manning L, Jacobs JD, Bachier-Rodriguez M, Feliz A et al. Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2016 Dec 1;81(6):1162-1166. https://doi.org/10.1097/TA.0000000000001160
Ryan, Mark Leo ; Maxwell, Angela C. ; Manning, Lisa ; Jacobs, Jonathan D. ; Bachier-Rodriguez, Marielena ; Feliz, Alexander ; Williams, Regan. / Noninvasive hemoglobin measurement in pediatric trauma patients. In: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2016 ; Vol. 81, No. 6. pp. 1162-1166.
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abstract = "INTRODUCTION Hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable death secondary to traumatic injury. Diagnosis often requires multiple blood draws, which are psychologically stressful in pediatric patients. The Pronto device is a pulse co-oximeter that measures the total hemoglobin level using multiple wavelengths of light. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the noninvasive hemoglobin measurements relative to current invasive and point of care testing methods in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS We performed a prospective observational trial involving patients younger than 17 years presenting to a Level I pediatric trauma center. Following admission, blood was sampled from each patient for testing using an i-Stat device (point-of-care hemoglobin) and a complete blood count within our core laboratory (invasive hemoglobin). Noninvasive hemoglobin analysis was performed within 15 minutes of phlebotomy. Data were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS Over 2 years, 114 patients had attempted noninvasive hemoglobin measurements, with a success rate of 89{\%}. Mean ± SD age was 9.2 ± 5.1 years. Ninety percent of admissions were for blunt injury, 3{\%} penetrating, 5{\%} near drowning, and 1{\%} burns. Mean invasive hemoglobin was 12.6 ± 1.9 g/dL, mean point-of-care hemoglobin was 12.2 ± 2.0 g/dL, and mean noninvasive hemoglobin was 12.3 ± 1.6 g/dL. Noninvasive hemoglobin values were strongly correlated with both invasive and point of care measurements (R = 0.672 and R = 0.645, respectively; p < 0.001). Bland-Altman analysis comparing noninvasive to point-of-care and invasive hemoglobin levels resulted in an estimated bias of -0.39 and -0.49, respectively. CONCLUSION Noninvasive hemoglobin values had excellent correlation with both invasive and point-of-care hemoglobin measurements, although the device was not successful for all patients. Given the rapid availability of results and the lack of requirement of venipuncture, noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring may be a valuable adjunct in the initial evaluation and monitoring of pediatric trauma patients.",
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N2 - INTRODUCTION Hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable death secondary to traumatic injury. Diagnosis often requires multiple blood draws, which are psychologically stressful in pediatric patients. The Pronto device is a pulse co-oximeter that measures the total hemoglobin level using multiple wavelengths of light. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the noninvasive hemoglobin measurements relative to current invasive and point of care testing methods in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS We performed a prospective observational trial involving patients younger than 17 years presenting to a Level I pediatric trauma center. Following admission, blood was sampled from each patient for testing using an i-Stat device (point-of-care hemoglobin) and a complete blood count within our core laboratory (invasive hemoglobin). Noninvasive hemoglobin analysis was performed within 15 minutes of phlebotomy. Data were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS Over 2 years, 114 patients had attempted noninvasive hemoglobin measurements, with a success rate of 89%. Mean ± SD age was 9.2 ± 5.1 years. Ninety percent of admissions were for blunt injury, 3% penetrating, 5% near drowning, and 1% burns. Mean invasive hemoglobin was 12.6 ± 1.9 g/dL, mean point-of-care hemoglobin was 12.2 ± 2.0 g/dL, and mean noninvasive hemoglobin was 12.3 ± 1.6 g/dL. Noninvasive hemoglobin values were strongly correlated with both invasive and point of care measurements (R = 0.672 and R = 0.645, respectively; p < 0.001). Bland-Altman analysis comparing noninvasive to point-of-care and invasive hemoglobin levels resulted in an estimated bias of -0.39 and -0.49, respectively. CONCLUSION Noninvasive hemoglobin values had excellent correlation with both invasive and point-of-care hemoglobin measurements, although the device was not successful for all patients. Given the rapid availability of results and the lack of requirement of venipuncture, noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring may be a valuable adjunct in the initial evaluation and monitoring of pediatric trauma patients.

AB - INTRODUCTION Hemorrhage is a major cause of preventable death secondary to traumatic injury. Diagnosis often requires multiple blood draws, which are psychologically stressful in pediatric patients. The Pronto device is a pulse co-oximeter that measures the total hemoglobin level using multiple wavelengths of light. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of the noninvasive hemoglobin measurements relative to current invasive and point of care testing methods in pediatric trauma patients. METHODS We performed a prospective observational trial involving patients younger than 17 years presenting to a Level I pediatric trauma center. Following admission, blood was sampled from each patient for testing using an i-Stat device (point-of-care hemoglobin) and a complete blood count within our core laboratory (invasive hemoglobin). Noninvasive hemoglobin analysis was performed within 15 minutes of phlebotomy. Data were evaluated using Spearman correlation and Bland-Altman analysis. RESULTS Over 2 years, 114 patients had attempted noninvasive hemoglobin measurements, with a success rate of 89%. Mean ± SD age was 9.2 ± 5.1 years. Ninety percent of admissions were for blunt injury, 3% penetrating, 5% near drowning, and 1% burns. Mean invasive hemoglobin was 12.6 ± 1.9 g/dL, mean point-of-care hemoglobin was 12.2 ± 2.0 g/dL, and mean noninvasive hemoglobin was 12.3 ± 1.6 g/dL. Noninvasive hemoglobin values were strongly correlated with both invasive and point of care measurements (R = 0.672 and R = 0.645, respectively; p < 0.001). Bland-Altman analysis comparing noninvasive to point-of-care and invasive hemoglobin levels resulted in an estimated bias of -0.39 and -0.49, respectively. CONCLUSION Noninvasive hemoglobin values had excellent correlation with both invasive and point-of-care hemoglobin measurements, although the device was not successful for all patients. Given the rapid availability of results and the lack of requirement of venipuncture, noninvasive hemoglobin monitoring may be a valuable adjunct in the initial evaluation and monitoring of pediatric trauma patients.

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