Null mutants of the Neurospora actin-related protein 1 pointed-end complex show distinct phenotypes

I. H. Lee, Santosh Kumar, M. Plamann

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Abstract

Dynactin is a multisubunit complex that regulates the activities of cytoplasmic dynein, a microtubule-associated motor. Actin-related protein I (Arp1) is the most abundant subunit of dynactin, and it forms a short filament to which additional subunits associate. An Arp1 filament pointed-end-binding subcomplex has been identified that consists of p62, p25, p27, and Arp11 subunits. The functional roles of these subunits have not been determined. Recently, we reported the cloning of an apparent homologue of mammalian Arp11 from the filamentous fungus Neurospora crassa. Here, we report that N. crassa ro-2 and ro-12 genes encode the respective p62 and p25 subunits of the pointed-end complex. Characterization of Δro-2, Δro-7, and Δro-12 mutants reveals that each has a distinct phenotype. All three mutants have reduced in vivo vesicle trafficking and have defects in vacuole distribution. We showed previously that in vivo dynactin function is required for high-level dynein ATPase activity, and we find that all three mutants have low dynein ATPase activity. Surprisingly, Δro-12 differs from Δro-2 and Δro-7 and other previously characterized dynein/dynactin mutants in that it has normal nuclear distribution. Each of the mutants shows a distinct dynein/dynactin localization pattern. All three mutants also show stronger dynein/dynactin-membrane interaction relative to wild type, suggesting that the Arp1 pointed-end complex may regulate interaction of dynactin with membranous cargoes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2195-2206
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2001

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Neurospora
Dyneins
Actins
Phenotype
Proteins
Neurospora crassa
Cytoplasmic Dyneins
Normal Distribution
Vacuoles
Dynactin Complex
Microtubules
Organism Cloning
Fungi
Membranes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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Null mutants of the Neurospora actin-related protein 1 pointed-end complex show distinct phenotypes. / Lee, I. H.; Kumar, Santosh; Plamann, M.

In: Molecular Biology of the Cell, Vol. 12, No. 7, 01.01.2001, p. 2195-2206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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