Ornithine delta-aminotransferase activity in retina and other tissues

Rao Gadiparthi, Edward Cotlier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ornithine δ-aminotransferase (OAT) activity was determined in liver, kidney, brain, retina and ciliary body-iris of rat, rabbit, calf and human. OAT activities (nanomoles Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate/mg protein/hr) in retina were (mean±SE) 324±43, 240±24, 234±26 and 218±22 respectively in rat, rabbit, calf and human. The OAT activities in retina were three times higher than in brain and 80% of that of liver. 2-oxoglutarate was the preferred amino acceptor substrate for OAT activity. In rat retina the activities of OAT with glyoxalate, β-hydroxypyruvate, pyruvate, and oxaloacetate were 51, 44, 30, and 30% of that of 2-oxoglutarate respectively. A lack of substrate OAT specificity indicates OAT deficiency such as occur in gyrate atrophy of the choroid and retina could impair metabolism of ketoacids. A candidate for possible toxicity to the retina in OAT deficiency is glyoxalate. Arginine glycine transamidinase activity was not detectable in human retina, thus a previously postulated creatine phosphate deprivation in OAT deficiency may not be applicable to the pathogenesis of the disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)555-562
Number of pages8
JournalNeurochemical Research
Volume9
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Ornithine-Oxo-Acid Transaminase
Ornithine
Gyrate Atrophy
Transaminases
Retina
Tissue
Rats
Rabbits
Oxaloacetic Acid
Liver
Ciliary Body
Phosphocreatine
Brain
Iris
Pyruvic Acid
Substrates
Kidney
Metabolism
Toxicity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Ornithine delta-aminotransferase activity in retina and other tissues. / Gadiparthi, Rao; Cotlier, Edward.

In: Neurochemical Research, Vol. 9, No. 4, 01.04.1984, p. 555-562.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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