Oxidant stress stimulates phosphorylation of eIF4E without an effect on global protein synthesis in smooth muscle cells

Lack of evidence for a role of H2O2 in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy

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Abstract

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathogenesis of several proliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. To gain insight into molecular mechanisms by which ROS influence the pathogenesis of these diseases, I have studied the effect of H2O2, a ROS, on eIF4E phosphorylation. H2O2 induced eIF4E phosphorylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in growth-arrested smooth muscle cells (SMC). H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation occurred on serine residues. PD098059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase inhibited ERK activities but had no significant effect on eIF4E phosphorylation induced by H2O2. Similarly, SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, although inhibiting H2O2-induced p38 MAPK activity, had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Calphostin C, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, also had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In contrast, trifluoperazine, an antagonist of calcium/calmodulin kinases, completely blocked H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In addition, intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ chelators significantly inhibited H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Despite its ability to induce eIF4E phosphorylation, H2O2 had no significant effect on protein levels and new protein synthesis as compared with control. In contrast, it induced the expression of c-Fos, c- Jun, and HSP70 in a time-dependent manner in SMC. Together, these results suggest that H2O2, a ROS and a cellular oxidant, induces eIF4E phosphorylation in a manner that is dependent on Ca2+ and Ca2+/calmodulin kinases and independent of ERKs, p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C. These results also suggest that enhanced eIF4E phosphorylation by H2O2 appears to be an important event in SMC in response to oxidant stress and that eIF4E phosphorylation may be associated with the translation of a small subset of mRNAs such as c-fos, c-jun, and HSP70 gene mRNAs, whose products may have a critical role in cell survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16993-16999
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume275
Issue number22
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2000

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Eukaryotic Initiation Factor-4E
Eukaryotic Initiation Factors
Phosphorylation
Oxidants
Angiotensin II
Hypertrophy
Smooth Muscle Myocytes
Muscle
Cells
Proteins
p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Reactive Oxygen Species
Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinases
Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases
Protein Kinase C
jun Genes
Trifluoperazine
Messenger RNA
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Cell proliferation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

@article{7dd383b717f146148e1a17a09e062ede,
title = "Oxidant stress stimulates phosphorylation of eIF4E without an effect on global protein synthesis in smooth muscle cells: Lack of evidence for a role of H2O2 in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy",
abstract = "Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathogenesis of several proliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. To gain insight into molecular mechanisms by which ROS influence the pathogenesis of these diseases, I have studied the effect of H2O2, a ROS, on eIF4E phosphorylation. H2O2 induced eIF4E phosphorylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in growth-arrested smooth muscle cells (SMC). H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation occurred on serine residues. PD098059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase inhibited ERK activities but had no significant effect on eIF4E phosphorylation induced by H2O2. Similarly, SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, although inhibiting H2O2-induced p38 MAPK activity, had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Calphostin C, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, also had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In contrast, trifluoperazine, an antagonist of calcium/calmodulin kinases, completely blocked H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In addition, intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ chelators significantly inhibited H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Despite its ability to induce eIF4E phosphorylation, H2O2 had no significant effect on protein levels and new protein synthesis as compared with control. In contrast, it induced the expression of c-Fos, c- Jun, and HSP70 in a time-dependent manner in SMC. Together, these results suggest that H2O2, a ROS and a cellular oxidant, induces eIF4E phosphorylation in a manner that is dependent on Ca2+ and Ca2+/calmodulin kinases and independent of ERKs, p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C. These results also suggest that enhanced eIF4E phosphorylation by H2O2 appears to be an important event in SMC in response to oxidant stress and that eIF4E phosphorylation may be associated with the translation of a small subset of mRNAs such as c-fos, c-jun, and HSP70 gene mRNAs, whose products may have a critical role in cell survival.",
author = "Rao Gadiparthi",
year = "2000",
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doi = "10.1074/jbc.275.22.16993",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Oxidant stress stimulates phosphorylation of eIF4E without an effect on global protein synthesis in smooth muscle cells

T2 - Lack of evidence for a role of H2O2 in angiotensin II-induced hypertrophy

AU - Gadiparthi, Rao

PY - 2000/6/2

Y1 - 2000/6/2

N2 - Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathogenesis of several proliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. To gain insight into molecular mechanisms by which ROS influence the pathogenesis of these diseases, I have studied the effect of H2O2, a ROS, on eIF4E phosphorylation. H2O2 induced eIF4E phosphorylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in growth-arrested smooth muscle cells (SMC). H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation occurred on serine residues. PD098059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase inhibited ERK activities but had no significant effect on eIF4E phosphorylation induced by H2O2. Similarly, SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, although inhibiting H2O2-induced p38 MAPK activity, had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Calphostin C, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, also had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In contrast, trifluoperazine, an antagonist of calcium/calmodulin kinases, completely blocked H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In addition, intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ chelators significantly inhibited H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Despite its ability to induce eIF4E phosphorylation, H2O2 had no significant effect on protein levels and new protein synthesis as compared with control. In contrast, it induced the expression of c-Fos, c- Jun, and HSP70 in a time-dependent manner in SMC. Together, these results suggest that H2O2, a ROS and a cellular oxidant, induces eIF4E phosphorylation in a manner that is dependent on Ca2+ and Ca2+/calmodulin kinases and independent of ERKs, p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C. These results also suggest that enhanced eIF4E phosphorylation by H2O2 appears to be an important event in SMC in response to oxidant stress and that eIF4E phosphorylation may be associated with the translation of a small subset of mRNAs such as c-fos, c-jun, and HSP70 gene mRNAs, whose products may have a critical role in cell survival.

AB - Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathogenesis of several proliferative diseases, including atherosclerosis and cancer. Eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) plays an important role in cell proliferation and differentiation. To gain insight into molecular mechanisms by which ROS influence the pathogenesis of these diseases, I have studied the effect of H2O2, a ROS, on eIF4E phosphorylation. H2O2 induced eIF4E phosphorylation in a dose- and time-dependent manner in growth-arrested smooth muscle cells (SMC). H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation occurred on serine residues. PD098059, a specific inhibitor of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) kinase inhibited ERK activities but had no significant effect on eIF4E phosphorylation induced by H2O2. Similarly, SB203580, a specific inhibitor of p38 MAPK, although inhibiting H2O2-induced p38 MAPK activity, had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Calphostin C, a specific inhibitor of protein kinase C, also had no effect on H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In contrast, trifluoperazine, an antagonist of calcium/calmodulin kinases, completely blocked H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. In addition, intracellular and extracellular Ca2+ chelators significantly inhibited H2O2-induced eIF4E phosphorylation. Despite its ability to induce eIF4E phosphorylation, H2O2 had no significant effect on protein levels and new protein synthesis as compared with control. In contrast, it induced the expression of c-Fos, c- Jun, and HSP70 in a time-dependent manner in SMC. Together, these results suggest that H2O2, a ROS and a cellular oxidant, induces eIF4E phosphorylation in a manner that is dependent on Ca2+ and Ca2+/calmodulin kinases and independent of ERKs, p38 MAPK, and protein kinase C. These results also suggest that enhanced eIF4E phosphorylation by H2O2 appears to be an important event in SMC in response to oxidant stress and that eIF4E phosphorylation may be associated with the translation of a small subset of mRNAs such as c-fos, c-jun, and HSP70 gene mRNAs, whose products may have a critical role in cell survival.

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