Oxidative stress in response to forearm ischemia-reperfusion with and without carnitine administration

Richard J. Bloomer, Webb Smith, Kelsey H. Fisher-Wellman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have recently noted a decrease in lipid peroxidation with oral intake of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC). However, these findings were observed at rest, and in previously sedentary subjects. Methods: We determined the effect of GPLC on oxidative stress biomarkers at rest and in response to reactive hyperemia in exercise-trained men. Using a double-blind, crossover design, 15 healthy men were assigned to a placebo and GPLC (4.5 g/day) in random order, for four weeks, with a two-week washout between assignments. Blood samples were collected at rest and at 0, 3, and 10 minutes following a protocol of ischemia-reperfusion, and analyzed for lactate, malondialdehyde (MDA), F 2-isoprostanes (F2-iso), hydrogen peroxide (H 2O2), xanthine oxidase activity (XO), hypoxanthine (HYPO), total (TGSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, and Trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC). Results: No condition or condition by time interaction effects were noted (p>0.05). Time effects were noted for lactate (p<0.0001), MDA (p=0.02), H2O2 (p=0.0003), XO (p=0.03), HYPO (p<0.0001), TGSH (p=0.02), and GSSG (p<0.0001), with peak values noted at 0 minutes post for lactate, MDA, TGSH, and GSSG, at 3 minutes post for H 2O2 and XO, and at 10 minutes post for HYPO. F 2-iso and TEAC were unaffected by treatment or protocol (p>0.05). Conclusion: Short-term ischemia-reperfusion in trained men results in a modest and transient increase in selected blood oxidative stress biomarkers.Oral GPLC supplementation does not attenuate the increase in these biomarkers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-23
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 18 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Carnitine
Forearm
Reperfusion
Oxidative Stress
Ischemia
Glutathione Disulfide
Biomarkers
Lactic Acid
Isoprostanes
Xanthine Oxidase
Hyperemia
Malondialdehyde
Cross-Over Studies
Hydrogen Peroxide
Lipid Peroxidation
Antioxidants
Placebos
Exercise
glycine propionyl carnitine

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Oxidative stress in response to forearm ischemia-reperfusion with and without carnitine administration. / Bloomer, Richard J.; Smith, Webb; Fisher-Wellman, Kelsey H.

In: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research, Vol. 80, No. 1, 18.06.2010, p. 12-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "We have recently noted a decrease in lipid peroxidation with oral intake of glycine propionyl-L-carnitine (GPLC). However, these findings were observed at rest, and in previously sedentary subjects. Methods: We determined the effect of GPLC on oxidative stress biomarkers at rest and in response to reactive hyperemia in exercise-trained men. Using a double-blind, crossover design, 15 healthy men were assigned to a placebo and GPLC (4.5 g/day) in random order, for four weeks, with a two-week washout between assignments. Blood samples were collected at rest and at 0, 3, and 10 minutes following a protocol of ischemia-reperfusion, and analyzed for lactate, malondialdehyde (MDA), F 2-isoprostanes (F2-iso), hydrogen peroxide (H 2O2), xanthine oxidase activity (XO), hypoxanthine (HYPO), total (TGSH) and oxidized (GSSG) glutathione, and Trolox-equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC). Results: No condition or condition by time interaction effects were noted (p>0.05). Time effects were noted for lactate (p<0.0001), MDA (p=0.02), H2O2 (p=0.0003), XO (p=0.03), HYPO (p<0.0001), TGSH (p=0.02), and GSSG (p<0.0001), with peak values noted at 0 minutes post for lactate, MDA, TGSH, and GSSG, at 3 minutes post for H 2O2 and XO, and at 10 minutes post for HYPO. F 2-iso and TEAC were unaffected by treatment or protocol (p>0.05). Conclusion: Short-term ischemia-reperfusion in trained men results in a modest and transient increase in selected blood oxidative stress biomarkers.Oral GPLC supplementation does not attenuate the increase in these biomarkers.",
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