Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries

Ian Magrath, Eva Steliarova-Foucher, Sidnei Epelman, Raul C. Ribeiro, Mhamed Harif, Chi Kong Li, Rejin Kebudi, Scott D. Macfarlane, Scott Howard

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

135 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Patterns of cancer incidence across the world have undergone substantial changes as a result of industrialisation and economic development. However, the economies of most countries remain at an early or intermediate stage of development-these stages are characterised by poverty, too few health-care providers, weak health systems, and poor access to education, modern technology, and health care because of scattered rural populations. Low-income and middle-income countries also have younger populations and therefore a larger proportion of children with cancer than high-income countries. Most of these children die from the disease. Chronic infections, which remain the most common causes of disease-related death in all except high-income countries, can also be major risk factors for childhood cancer in poorer regions. We discuss childhood cancer in relation to global development and propose strategies that could result in improved survival. Education of the public, more and better-trained health professionals, strengthened cancer services, locally relevant research, regional hospital networks, international collaboration, and health insurance are all essential components of an enhanced model of care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

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Pediatrics
Neoplasms
Education
Biomedical Technology
Economic Development
Health
Rural Population
Poverty
Health Insurance
Health Personnel
Incidence
Infection
Research
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

Cite this

Magrath, I., Steliarova-Foucher, E., Epelman, S., Ribeiro, R. C., Harif, M., Li, C. K., ... Howard, S. (2013). Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet Oncology, 14(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70008-1

Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries. / Magrath, Ian; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva; Epelman, Sidnei; Ribeiro, Raul C.; Harif, Mhamed; Li, Chi Kong; Kebudi, Rejin; Macfarlane, Scott D.; Howard, Scott.

In: The Lancet Oncology, Vol. 14, No. 3, 01.03.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Magrath, I, Steliarova-Foucher, E, Epelman, S, Ribeiro, RC, Harif, M, Li, CK, Kebudi, R, Macfarlane, SD & Howard, S 2013, 'Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries', The Lancet Oncology, vol. 14, no. 3. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70008-1
Magrath I, Steliarova-Foucher E, Epelman S, Ribeiro RC, Harif M, Li CK et al. Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries. The Lancet Oncology. 2013 Mar 1;14(3). https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70008-1
Magrath, Ian ; Steliarova-Foucher, Eva ; Epelman, Sidnei ; Ribeiro, Raul C. ; Harif, Mhamed ; Li, Chi Kong ; Kebudi, Rejin ; Macfarlane, Scott D. ; Howard, Scott. / Paediatric cancer in low-income and middle-income countries. In: The Lancet Oncology. 2013 ; Vol. 14, No. 3.
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