Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB

Jinggang Lan, Aaron F. Heneghan, Yoshifumi Sano, Mark A. Jonker, Jiro Omata, Wentong Xu, Joseph Pierre, Kenneth A. Kudsk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Objective: To determine effects of (1) parenteral nutrition (PN), (2) exogenous Lymphotoxin β receptor (LTβR) stimulation in PN animals, and (3) exogenous LTβR blockade in chow animals on NF-κB activation pathways and products: MAdCAM-1, chemokine (C-C motif) Ligand (CCL) 19, CCL20, CCL25, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10. Background: LT stimulates LTβR in Peyer's patches (PP) to activate NF-κB via the noncanonical pathway. The p100/RelB precursor yields p52/RelB producing MAdCAM-1, cytokines, and chemokines important in cell trafficking. TNFα, IL-1β, and bacterial products stimulate the inflammatory canonical NF-κB pathway producing p65/p50 and c-Rel/p50. PN decreases LTβR, MAdCAM-1, and chemokines in PP and lowers small intestinal IgA compared with chow. Methods: Canonical (p50 and p65) and noncanonical (p52 and Rel B) NF-κB proteins in PP were analyzed by TransAM NF-κB kit after 5 days of chow or PN, 2 days of LTβR stimulation or 3 days of LTβR blockade. MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines in PP were measured by ELISA after LTβR stimulation or blockade. Results: PN significantly reduced all NF-κB proteins in PP compared with chow. Exogenous LTβR stimulation during PN increased p50, p52, Rel B, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, and IL-10 in PP, but not p65, CCL19, CCL20, or CCL25 compared with PN. LTβR blockade reduced noncanonical products (p52 and Rel B), MAdCAM-1, CCL19, CCL20, CCL25, IL-4, and IL-10 but had no effect on the inflammatory pathway (p50 and p65) compared with chow. Conclusion: Lack of enteral stimulation during PN decreases both canonical and noncanonical NF-κB pathways in PP. LTβR stimulation during PN feeding completely restores PP noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, IL-10, and partly the canonical pathway. LTβR blockade decreases the noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines without effect on the canonical NF-κB activity in PP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)996-1003
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume253
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2011

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Lymphotoxin-alpha
Parenteral Nutrition
Peyer's Patches
Chemokines
Interleukin-4
Interleukin-10
Cytokines
CC Chemokines
Interleukin-1
Immunoglobulin A
Small Intestine
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery

Cite this

Lan, J., Heneghan, A. F., Sano, Y., Jonker, M. A., Omata, J., Xu, W., ... Kudsk, K. A. (2011). Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB. Annals of surgery, 253(5), 996-1003. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0b013e31821224eb

Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB. / Lan, Jinggang; Heneghan, Aaron F.; Sano, Yoshifumi; Jonker, Mark A.; Omata, Jiro; Xu, Wentong; Pierre, Joseph; Kudsk, Kenneth A.

In: Annals of surgery, Vol. 253, No. 5, 01.05.2011, p. 996-1003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lan, J, Heneghan, AF, Sano, Y, Jonker, MA, Omata, J, Xu, W, Pierre, J & Kudsk, KA 2011, 'Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB', Annals of surgery, vol. 253, no. 5, pp. 996-1003. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0b013e31821224eb
Lan J, Heneghan AF, Sano Y, Jonker MA, Omata J, Xu W et al. Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB. Annals of surgery. 2011 May 1;253(5):996-1003. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0b013e31821224eb
Lan, Jinggang ; Heneghan, Aaron F. ; Sano, Yoshifumi ; Jonker, Mark A. ; Omata, Jiro ; Xu, Wentong ; Pierre, Joseph ; Kudsk, Kenneth A. / Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB. In: Annals of surgery. 2011 ; Vol. 253, No. 5. pp. 996-1003.
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title = "Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB",
abstract = "Objective: To determine effects of (1) parenteral nutrition (PN), (2) exogenous Lymphotoxin β receptor (LTβR) stimulation in PN animals, and (3) exogenous LTβR blockade in chow animals on NF-κB activation pathways and products: MAdCAM-1, chemokine (C-C motif) Ligand (CCL) 19, CCL20, CCL25, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10. Background: LT stimulates LTβR in Peyer's patches (PP) to activate NF-κB via the noncanonical pathway. The p100/RelB precursor yields p52/RelB producing MAdCAM-1, cytokines, and chemokines important in cell trafficking. TNFα, IL-1β, and bacterial products stimulate the inflammatory canonical NF-κB pathway producing p65/p50 and c-Rel/p50. PN decreases LTβR, MAdCAM-1, and chemokines in PP and lowers small intestinal IgA compared with chow. Methods: Canonical (p50 and p65) and noncanonical (p52 and Rel B) NF-κB proteins in PP were analyzed by TransAM NF-κB kit after 5 days of chow or PN, 2 days of LTβR stimulation or 3 days of LTβR blockade. MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines in PP were measured by ELISA after LTβR stimulation or blockade. Results: PN significantly reduced all NF-κB proteins in PP compared with chow. Exogenous LTβR stimulation during PN increased p50, p52, Rel B, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, and IL-10 in PP, but not p65, CCL19, CCL20, or CCL25 compared with PN. LTβR blockade reduced noncanonical products (p52 and Rel B), MAdCAM-1, CCL19, CCL20, CCL25, IL-4, and IL-10 but had no effect on the inflammatory pathway (p50 and p65) compared with chow. Conclusion: Lack of enteral stimulation during PN decreases both canonical and noncanonical NF-κB pathways in PP. LTβR stimulation during PN feeding completely restores PP noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, IL-10, and partly the canonical pathway. LTβR blockade decreases the noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines without effect on the canonical NF-κB activity in PP.",
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T1 - Parenteral nutrition impairs lymphotoxin β receptor signaling via NF-κB

AU - Lan, Jinggang

AU - Heneghan, Aaron F.

AU - Sano, Yoshifumi

AU - Jonker, Mark A.

AU - Omata, Jiro

AU - Xu, Wentong

AU - Pierre, Joseph

AU - Kudsk, Kenneth A.

PY - 2011/5/1

Y1 - 2011/5/1

N2 - Objective: To determine effects of (1) parenteral nutrition (PN), (2) exogenous Lymphotoxin β receptor (LTβR) stimulation in PN animals, and (3) exogenous LTβR blockade in chow animals on NF-κB activation pathways and products: MAdCAM-1, chemokine (C-C motif) Ligand (CCL) 19, CCL20, CCL25, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10. Background: LT stimulates LTβR in Peyer's patches (PP) to activate NF-κB via the noncanonical pathway. The p100/RelB precursor yields p52/RelB producing MAdCAM-1, cytokines, and chemokines important in cell trafficking. TNFα, IL-1β, and bacterial products stimulate the inflammatory canonical NF-κB pathway producing p65/p50 and c-Rel/p50. PN decreases LTβR, MAdCAM-1, and chemokines in PP and lowers small intestinal IgA compared with chow. Methods: Canonical (p50 and p65) and noncanonical (p52 and Rel B) NF-κB proteins in PP were analyzed by TransAM NF-κB kit after 5 days of chow or PN, 2 days of LTβR stimulation or 3 days of LTβR blockade. MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines in PP were measured by ELISA after LTβR stimulation or blockade. Results: PN significantly reduced all NF-κB proteins in PP compared with chow. Exogenous LTβR stimulation during PN increased p50, p52, Rel B, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, and IL-10 in PP, but not p65, CCL19, CCL20, or CCL25 compared with PN. LTβR blockade reduced noncanonical products (p52 and Rel B), MAdCAM-1, CCL19, CCL20, CCL25, IL-4, and IL-10 but had no effect on the inflammatory pathway (p50 and p65) compared with chow. Conclusion: Lack of enteral stimulation during PN decreases both canonical and noncanonical NF-κB pathways in PP. LTβR stimulation during PN feeding completely restores PP noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, IL-10, and partly the canonical pathway. LTβR blockade decreases the noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines without effect on the canonical NF-κB activity in PP.

AB - Objective: To determine effects of (1) parenteral nutrition (PN), (2) exogenous Lymphotoxin β receptor (LTβR) stimulation in PN animals, and (3) exogenous LTβR blockade in chow animals on NF-κB activation pathways and products: MAdCAM-1, chemokine (C-C motif) Ligand (CCL) 19, CCL20, CCL25, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-10. Background: LT stimulates LTβR in Peyer's patches (PP) to activate NF-κB via the noncanonical pathway. The p100/RelB precursor yields p52/RelB producing MAdCAM-1, cytokines, and chemokines important in cell trafficking. TNFα, IL-1β, and bacterial products stimulate the inflammatory canonical NF-κB pathway producing p65/p50 and c-Rel/p50. PN decreases LTβR, MAdCAM-1, and chemokines in PP and lowers small intestinal IgA compared with chow. Methods: Canonical (p50 and p65) and noncanonical (p52 and Rel B) NF-κB proteins in PP were analyzed by TransAM NF-κB kit after 5 days of chow or PN, 2 days of LTβR stimulation or 3 days of LTβR blockade. MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines in PP were measured by ELISA after LTβR stimulation or blockade. Results: PN significantly reduced all NF-κB proteins in PP compared with chow. Exogenous LTβR stimulation during PN increased p50, p52, Rel B, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, and IL-10 in PP, but not p65, CCL19, CCL20, or CCL25 compared with PN. LTβR blockade reduced noncanonical products (p52 and Rel B), MAdCAM-1, CCL19, CCL20, CCL25, IL-4, and IL-10 but had no effect on the inflammatory pathway (p50 and p65) compared with chow. Conclusion: Lack of enteral stimulation during PN decreases both canonical and noncanonical NF-κB pathways in PP. LTβR stimulation during PN feeding completely restores PP noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, IL-4, IL-10, and partly the canonical pathway. LTβR blockade decreases the noncanonical NF-κB activity, MAdCAM-1, chemokines, and cytokines without effect on the canonical NF-κB activity in PP.

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