Pattern of Response of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Components to Early Recanalization in the CLOTBUST Trial

Robert Mikulik, Ladislav Dusek, Michael D. Hill, Eva Fulep, James C. Grotta, Marc Ribo, Carlos Molina, Andrei Alexandrov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Early recanalization is the likely mechanism by which intravenous thrombolysis improves stroke outcomes. Limited data exist on the patterns of early recovery of various brain functions. Methods: Data from the Combined Lysis of Thrombus in Brain Ischemia Using Transcranial Ultrasound and Systemic t-PA (CLOTBUST) trial was used to determine time-related trends in neurological function recovery, as measured by National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) components at baseline, 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes, and 24 hours. Repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare patients with complete recanalization versus no or partial recanalization of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) at 120 minutes from tissue plasminogen activator bolus. The correlation structure of the NIHSS was analyzed with multivariable factor analysis. The ability of individual components to diagnose recanalization was assessed with area under the receiver operating characteristic curves. Results: Altogether, 113 patients from the CLOTBUST trial had complete follow-up NIHSS scores available. All received 0.9 mg/kg IV tissue plasminogen activator within 3 hours of symptom onset (mean age 69±12 years; 58% men; median NIHSS 16; complete MCA recanalization 27%). All NIHSS components attributable to MCA occlusion contributed with varying degrees to the decrease of the total NIHSS score after MCA recanalization. NIHSS components responded in 2 major and mutually independent clusters representing left and right brain functions. The best performing component in diagnosing recanalization was gaze deviation (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve=0.80), but its Results were similar to the total NIHSS score (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve=0.75). Conclusions:s: All neurological functions, impaired because of MCA occlusion, recovered after recanalization, although not to the same extent. The total NIHSS score is more useful than the individual components in detecting MCA recanalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)466-470
Number of pages5
JournalStroke
Volume41
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2010

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National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Brain Ischemia
Thrombosis
Stroke
Middle Cerebral Artery
ROC Curve
Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction
Tissue Plasminogen Activator
Recovery of Function
Brain
Age of Onset
Statistical Factor Analysis
Analysis of Variance

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Pattern of Response of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Components to Early Recanalization in the CLOTBUST Trial. / Mikulik, Robert; Dusek, Ladislav; Hill, Michael D.; Fulep, Eva; Grotta, James C.; Ribo, Marc; Molina, Carlos; Alexandrov, Andrei.

In: Stroke, Vol. 41, No. 3, 01.03.2010, p. 466-470.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mikulik, Robert ; Dusek, Ladislav ; Hill, Michael D. ; Fulep, Eva ; Grotta, James C. ; Ribo, Marc ; Molina, Carlos ; Alexandrov, Andrei. / Pattern of Response of National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Components to Early Recanalization in the CLOTBUST Trial. In: Stroke. 2010 ; Vol. 41, No. 3. pp. 466-470.
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