Pattern Recognition in Pharmacokinetic Data Analysis

Johan Gabrielsson, Bernd Meibohm, Daniel Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Pattern recognition is a key element in pharmacokinetic data analyses when first selecting a model to be regressed to data. We call this process going from data to insight and it is an important aspect of exploratory data analysis (EDA). But there are very few formal ways or strategies that scientists typically use when the experiment has been done and data collected. This report deals with identifying the properties of a kinetic model by dissecting the pattern that concentration-time data reveal. Pattern recognition is a pivotal activity when modeling kinetic data, because a rigorous strategy is essential for dissecting the determinants behind concentration-time courses. First, we extend a commonly used relationship for calculation of the number of potential model parameters by simultaneously utilizing all concentration-time courses. Then, a set of points to consider are proposed that specifically addresses exploratory data analyses, number of phases in the concentration-time course, baseline behavior, time delays, peak shifts with increasing doses, flip-flop phenomena, saturation, and other potential nonlinearities that an experienced eye catches in the data. Finally, we set up a series of equations related to the patterns. In other words, we look at what causes the shapes that make up the concentration-time course and propose a strategy to construct a model. By practicing pattern recognition, one can significantly improve the quality and timeliness of data analysis and model building. A consequence of this is a better understanding of the complete concentration-time profile.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)47-63
Number of pages17
JournalAAPS Journal
Volume18
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

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Pharmacokinetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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Pattern Recognition in Pharmacokinetic Data Analysis. / Gabrielsson, Johan; Meibohm, Bernd; Weiner, Daniel.

In: AAPS Journal, Vol. 18, No. 1, 01.01.2016, p. 47-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gabrielsson, Johan ; Meibohm, Bernd ; Weiner, Daniel. / Pattern Recognition in Pharmacokinetic Data Analysis. In: AAPS Journal. 2016 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 47-63.
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