Perioperative Nutrition

What Is the Current Landscape?

Robert G. Martindale, Stephen A. McClave, Beth Taylor, Christy Lawson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Poor nutrition status has long been linked to increases in postoperative complications and adverse outcomes for the patient undergoing elective surgery. While optimal planning for nutrition therapy should be comprehensive spanning throughout the perioperative period, recent advances have focused on the concept of “prehabilitation” to best prepare the patient prior to the insult of surgery. Adding immune/metabolic modulating formulas the week of surgery with carbohydrate drinks to optimize glycogen deposition immediately prior to surgery, enhances patient recovery and return to baseline function. Such nutrition strategies should now be combined with a host of other practices (such as smoking cessation, weight loss, glucose control, and specialized exercise program) as part of a structured protocol to maximize patients’ chances for a full and rapid recovery from their elective surgical procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5S-20S
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

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Elective Surgical Procedures
Nutrition Therapy
Perioperative Period
Smoking Cessation
Nutritional Status
Glycogen
Weight Loss
Carbohydrates
Exercise
Glucose

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Perioperative Nutrition : What Is the Current Landscape? / Martindale, Robert G.; McClave, Stephen A.; Taylor, Beth; Lawson, Christy.

In: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, Vol. 37, 01.01.2013, p. 5S-20S.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martindale, Robert G. ; McClave, Stephen A. ; Taylor, Beth ; Lawson, Christy. / Perioperative Nutrition : What Is the Current Landscape?. In: Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 37. pp. 5S-20S.
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