Phosphorylase-cross-reactive antibodies evoked by streptococcal M protein

James Dale, Harry Courtney, M. Kotb, D. Schifferli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Rabbit antisera evoked by type 5 streptococcal M protein (M5) were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for immunological cross-reactivity with purified rabbit muscle phorphorylases a and b. Of 10 pep M5 antisera tested, 3 showed significant cross-reactivity with both forms of the enzyme. ELISA inhibition studies using one of the pep M5 antisera showed that all of the phosphorylase b antibodies were inhibited by pep M5, the immunogen, and phosphorylase b, the ELISA antigen. All of the antibodies were also inhibited by pep M6 and pep M19, but not by pep M24, indicating that the cross-reactive epitopes were shared by multiple serotypes of M protein. Western blot (immunoblot) analyses showed that pep M5 antisera reacted strongly with the subunit of phosphorylase b. In addition, purified phosphorylase partially inhibited the binding of pep M5 antibodies to a 95-kilodalton protein of human myocardium. One of the three cross-reactive pep M5 antisera inhibited the enzymatic activity of phosphorylase a in a dose-related fashion, reaching a maximum inhibition of 75%. The enzymatic activity in the presence of antibody was totally restored when the antiserum was first incubated with pep M5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-778
Number of pages5
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume58
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

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Phosphorylases
Immune Sera
Phosphorylase b
Antibodies
Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
Western Blotting
Phosphorylase a
Rabbits
streptococcal M protein
Epitopes
Myocardium
Proteins
Antigens
Muscles
Enzymes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Parasitology
  • Microbiology
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Dale, J., Courtney, H., Kotb, M., & Schifferli, D. (1990). Phosphorylase-cross-reactive antibodies evoked by streptococcal M protein. Infection and Immunity, 58(3), 774-778.

Phosphorylase-cross-reactive antibodies evoked by streptococcal M protein. / Dale, James; Courtney, Harry; Kotb, M.; Schifferli, D.

In: Infection and Immunity, Vol. 58, No. 3, 01.01.1990, p. 774-778.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dale, J, Courtney, H, Kotb, M & Schifferli, D 1990, 'Phosphorylase-cross-reactive antibodies evoked by streptococcal M protein', Infection and Immunity, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. 774-778.
Dale, James ; Courtney, Harry ; Kotb, M. ; Schifferli, D. / Phosphorylase-cross-reactive antibodies evoked by streptococcal M protein. In: Infection and Immunity. 1990 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. 774-778.
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