Physiological properties and patterns of projection in the cortico-cortical connections from the second somatosensory cortex to the motor cortex, area 4γ, in the cat

Akio Mori, Robert Waters, Hiroshi Asanuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The physiological properties of neurons in the second somatosensory cortex (SII), and the pattern of projection of these neurons to area 4γ of the motor cortex in cat were studied by using single unit recording and collision techniques. Antidromically activated neurons were recorded along the anterior and posterior regions of the lateral bank of the anterior suprasylvian sulcus (ASSS) and from the middle part of the anterior ectosylvian gyrus (AESG) following weak intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) to area 4γ. Stimulation of the region around the activated neurons failed to produce muscle contraction or movement with currents of 30 μA or less. The majority of antidromically identified neurons received somatotopically organized afferent inputs from the skin on the contralateral side of the body. A small number of SII neurons received bilateral input. In 91% of the cases receptive field information was available for both the antidromically activated SII neuron and for neurons around the stimulating electrode in area 4γ. In 71% of these cases, both cortical sites were activated by sensory input from the same or adjacent peripheral area of the body. Neurons in the rostrocaudal region of the lateral bank of ASSS and the upper part of AESG (forelimb area) projected to the lateral cruciate gyrus of the motor cortex (forelimb area), while neurons in the ventrocaudal region of the medial part of AESG (hindlimb area) projected to the medial part of the postcruciate subregion of the motor cortex (hindlimb area. Antidromically activated SII neurons were typically found in layer III. These results suggest a topographically organized pattern of projection to the motor cortex from SII.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)206-210
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research
Volume504
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 18 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Somatosensory Cortex
Motor Cortex
Cats
Neurons
Forelimb
Hindlimb
Muscle Contraction
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Physiological properties and patterns of projection in the cortico-cortical connections from the second somatosensory cortex to the motor cortex, area 4γ, in the cat",
abstract = "The physiological properties of neurons in the second somatosensory cortex (SII), and the pattern of projection of these neurons to area 4γ of the motor cortex in cat were studied by using single unit recording and collision techniques. Antidromically activated neurons were recorded along the anterior and posterior regions of the lateral bank of the anterior suprasylvian sulcus (ASSS) and from the middle part of the anterior ectosylvian gyrus (AESG) following weak intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) to area 4γ. Stimulation of the region around the activated neurons failed to produce muscle contraction or movement with currents of 30 μA or less. The majority of antidromically identified neurons received somatotopically organized afferent inputs from the skin on the contralateral side of the body. A small number of SII neurons received bilateral input. In 91{\%} of the cases receptive field information was available for both the antidromically activated SII neuron and for neurons around the stimulating electrode in area 4γ. In 71{\%} of these cases, both cortical sites were activated by sensory input from the same or adjacent peripheral area of the body. Neurons in the rostrocaudal region of the lateral bank of ASSS and the upper part of AESG (forelimb area) projected to the lateral cruciate gyrus of the motor cortex (forelimb area), while neurons in the ventrocaudal region of the medial part of AESG (hindlimb area) projected to the medial part of the postcruciate subregion of the motor cortex (hindlimb area. Antidromically activated SII neurons were typically found in layer III. These results suggest a topographically organized pattern of projection to the motor cortex from SII.",
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