Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

M. Dulcan, J. E. Dunne, W. Ayres, Valerie Arnold, R. S. Benson, W. Bernet, O. Bukstein, J. Kinlan, H. Leonard, W. Licamele, J. McClellan, L. E. Sloan, C. M. Miles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

These practice parameters review the literature on children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). There are three types of ADHD: predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined. Together, they occur in as many as 10% of boys and 5% of girls of elementary school age. Prevalence declines with age, although up to 65% of hyperactive children are still symptomatic as adults. Frequency in adults is estimated to be 2% to 7%. Assessment includes clinical interviews and standardized rating scales from parents and teachers. Testing of intelligence and academic achievement usually are required. Comorbidity is common. The corner-stones of treatment are support and education of parents, appropriate school placement, and pharmacology. The primary medications are psychostimulants, but antidepressants and α- adrenergic agonists are used in special circumstances. Other treatments such as behavior modification, school consultation, family therapy, and group therapy address remaining symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)85S-121S
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume36
Issue number10 SUPPL.
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

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Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Parents
Adrenergic Agonists
Family Therapy
Behavior Therapy
Group Psychotherapy
Intelligence
Antidepressive Agents
Comorbidity
Therapeutics
Referral and Consultation
Pharmacology
Interviews
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. / Dulcan, M.; Dunne, J. E.; Ayres, W.; Arnold, Valerie; Benson, R. S.; Bernet, W.; Bukstein, O.; Kinlan, J.; Leonard, H.; Licamele, W.; McClellan, J.; Sloan, L. E.; Miles, C. M.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 36, No. 10 SUPPL., 01.01.1997, p. 85S-121S.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dulcan, M, Dunne, JE, Ayres, W, Arnold, V, Benson, RS, Bernet, W, Bukstein, O, Kinlan, J, Leonard, H, Licamele, W, McClellan, J, Sloan, LE & Miles, CM 1997, 'Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder', Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, vol. 36, no. 10 SUPPL., pp. 85S-121S. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199710001-00007
Dulcan, M. ; Dunne, J. E. ; Ayres, W. ; Arnold, Valerie ; Benson, R. S. ; Bernet, W. ; Bukstein, O. ; Kinlan, J. ; Leonard, H. ; Licamele, W. ; McClellan, J. ; Sloan, L. E. ; Miles, C. M. / Practice parameters for the assessment and treatment of children, adolescents, and adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1997 ; Vol. 36, No. 10 SUPPL. pp. 85S-121S.
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