Predictors of tube feeding in acute stroke patients with dysphagia.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stroke is the third leading cause of death and the leading cause of disability in adults. Dysphagia, or difficulty with swallowing, is an untoward outcome of stroke occurring in as many as 71% of stroke survivors. This study sought to identify characteristics in stroke patients predictive of tube feeding dependency during acute care secondary to neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia. Significant differences in age, stroke severity scores, length of stay, and cost per case were measured between the tube feeding and control group patients. Univariate analysis identified the existence of seven dependent risk factors, of which four were found to be independent risk factors for the outcome of interest: wet voice after swallowing water, hypoglossal nerve dysfunction, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, and incomplete oral labial closure. Findings from this study may assist healthcare providers in the early identification of stroke patients at risk for clinically significant neurogenic oropharyngeal dysphagia, facilitating reduction of untoward outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)531-540
Number of pages10
JournalAACN clinical issues
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

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Enteral Nutrition
Deglutition Disorders
Stroke
Deglutition
Hypoglossal Nerve
Secondary Care
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Lip
Health Personnel
Survivors
Cause of Death
Length of Stay
Costs and Cost Analysis
Control Groups
Water

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Leadership and Management
  • Care Planning
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

Predictors of tube feeding in acute stroke patients with dysphagia. / Alexandrov, Anne; Alexandrov, Andrei.

In: AACN clinical issues, Vol. 11, No. 4, 01.01.2000, p. 531-540.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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