Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls

Jennifer Q. Lanctot, Robert C. Klesges, Michelle B. Stockton, Lisa M. Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency and characteristics of energy intake underreporting in African-American preadolescent girls as part of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Methods and Procedures: Energy intake was summarized using the Nutrition Data System for Research software and computed as a 3-day average of 24-h dietary recalls. Physical activity was assessed by an accelerometer, basal metabolic rate (BMR) was estimated using the World Health Organization's prediction equation, and underreporting of caloric intake was based on the Goldberg equation. Results: Using a conservative criterion for determining energy underreporting, we classified 54.8% of the girls as underreporters; 45.2% were classified as plausible reporters. Factors related to underreporting included higher BMI (β = -0.506, P ≤ 0.001), older age (β = -0.159, P = 0.001), greater unhealthy eating behaviors (β = -0.118, P = 0.025), and higher self-efficacy for diet (β = -0.098, P = 0.033). Discussion: Underreporting of dietary intake, specifically energy, is common in African-American preadolescent girls and can be partially explained by weight status and psychosocial variables. The extent of dietary underreporting in specific and high-risk populations is largely unknown and could be evaluated by routinely including a report of such an index in future research studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1407-1412
Number of pages6
JournalObesity
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

Fingerprint

Energy Intake
African Americans
Basal Metabolism
Feeding Behavior
Self Efficacy
Information Systems
Software
Exercise
Diet
Weights and Measures
Health
Research
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Lanctot, J. Q., Klesges, R. C., Stockton, M. B., & Klesges, L. M. (2008). Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls. Obesity, 16(6), 1407-1412. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.222

Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls. / Lanctot, Jennifer Q.; Klesges, Robert C.; Stockton, Michelle B.; Klesges, Lisa M.

In: Obesity, Vol. 16, No. 6, 01.06.2008, p. 1407-1412.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lanctot, JQ, Klesges, RC, Stockton, MB & Klesges, LM 2008, 'Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls', Obesity, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1407-1412. https://doi.org/10.1038/oby.2008.222
Lanctot, Jennifer Q. ; Klesges, Robert C. ; Stockton, Michelle B. ; Klesges, Lisa M. / Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls. In: Obesity. 2008 ; Vol. 16, No. 6. pp. 1407-1412.
@article{cabca80d0097444ba2e2fc335646ed22,
title = "Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls",
abstract = "Objective: To determine the frequency and characteristics of energy intake underreporting in African-American preadolescent girls as part of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Methods and Procedures: Energy intake was summarized using the Nutrition Data System for Research software and computed as a 3-day average of 24-h dietary recalls. Physical activity was assessed by an accelerometer, basal metabolic rate (BMR) was estimated using the World Health Organization's prediction equation, and underreporting of caloric intake was based on the Goldberg equation. Results: Using a conservative criterion for determining energy underreporting, we classified 54.8{\%} of the girls as underreporters; 45.2{\%} were classified as plausible reporters. Factors related to underreporting included higher BMI (β = -0.506, P ≤ 0.001), older age (β = -0.159, P = 0.001), greater unhealthy eating behaviors (β = -0.118, P = 0.025), and higher self-efficacy for diet (β = -0.098, P = 0.033). Discussion: Underreporting of dietary intake, specifically energy, is common in African-American preadolescent girls and can be partially explained by weight status and psychosocial variables. The extent of dietary underreporting in specific and high-risk populations is largely unknown and could be evaluated by routinely including a report of such an index in future research studies.",
author = "Lanctot, {Jennifer Q.} and Klesges, {Robert C.} and Stockton, {Michelle B.} and Klesges, {Lisa M.}",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1038/oby.2008.222",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "16",
pages = "1407--1412",
journal = "Obesity",
issn = "1930-7381",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Prevalence and characteristics of energy underreporting in African-American girls

AU - Lanctot, Jennifer Q.

AU - Klesges, Robert C.

AU - Stockton, Michelle B.

AU - Klesges, Lisa M.

PY - 2008/6/1

Y1 - 2008/6/1

N2 - Objective: To determine the frequency and characteristics of energy intake underreporting in African-American preadolescent girls as part of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Methods and Procedures: Energy intake was summarized using the Nutrition Data System for Research software and computed as a 3-day average of 24-h dietary recalls. Physical activity was assessed by an accelerometer, basal metabolic rate (BMR) was estimated using the World Health Organization's prediction equation, and underreporting of caloric intake was based on the Goldberg equation. Results: Using a conservative criterion for determining energy underreporting, we classified 54.8% of the girls as underreporters; 45.2% were classified as plausible reporters. Factors related to underreporting included higher BMI (β = -0.506, P ≤ 0.001), older age (β = -0.159, P = 0.001), greater unhealthy eating behaviors (β = -0.118, P = 0.025), and higher self-efficacy for diet (β = -0.098, P = 0.033). Discussion: Underreporting of dietary intake, specifically energy, is common in African-American preadolescent girls and can be partially explained by weight status and psychosocial variables. The extent of dietary underreporting in specific and high-risk populations is largely unknown and could be evaluated by routinely including a report of such an index in future research studies.

AB - Objective: To determine the frequency and characteristics of energy intake underreporting in African-American preadolescent girls as part of the Girls health Enrichment Multi-site Studies (GEMS). Methods and Procedures: Energy intake was summarized using the Nutrition Data System for Research software and computed as a 3-day average of 24-h dietary recalls. Physical activity was assessed by an accelerometer, basal metabolic rate (BMR) was estimated using the World Health Organization's prediction equation, and underreporting of caloric intake was based on the Goldberg equation. Results: Using a conservative criterion for determining energy underreporting, we classified 54.8% of the girls as underreporters; 45.2% were classified as plausible reporters. Factors related to underreporting included higher BMI (β = -0.506, P ≤ 0.001), older age (β = -0.159, P = 0.001), greater unhealthy eating behaviors (β = -0.118, P = 0.025), and higher self-efficacy for diet (β = -0.098, P = 0.033). Discussion: Underreporting of dietary intake, specifically energy, is common in African-American preadolescent girls and can be partially explained by weight status and psychosocial variables. The extent of dietary underreporting in specific and high-risk populations is largely unknown and could be evaluated by routinely including a report of such an index in future research studies.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=44449090595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=44449090595&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/oby.2008.222

DO - 10.1038/oby.2008.222

M3 - Article

C2 - 18388890

AN - SCOPUS:44449090595

VL - 16

SP - 1407

EP - 1412

JO - Obesity

JF - Obesity

SN - 1930-7381

IS - 6

ER -