Prevalence and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement in a large population of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

Effect of age and left ventricular systolic function

Kan N. Hor, Michael D. Taylor, Hussein R. Al-Khalidi, Linda H. Cripe, Subha V. Raman, John Jefferies, Robert O'Donnell, D. Woodrow Benson, Wojciech Mazur

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Abstract

Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked disorder affects approximately 1 in 5000 males, is universally associated with heart disease. We previously identified myocardial disease by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in DMD subjects at various stages of disease, but the true prevalence is unclear. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is well established for both assessment of ventricular function and myocardial fibrosis by LGE. We sought to establish i) prevalence and distribution of LGE in a large DMD population and ii) relationship among LGE, age, LVEF by CMR and current living status. Methods. Current living status, demographic and CMR data including ventricular volumes, LVEF and LGE from 314 DMD patients undergoing evaluation at a single large tertiary referral center were analyzed. Results: 113 of 314 (36%) of DMD subjects showed LGE positivity with prevalence increasing from 17% of patients <10 years to 34% of those aged 10-15 years and 59% of those >15 years-old. Patients with LVEF ≥55% were LGE positive in 30% of cases; this increased to 84% for LVEF <55%. LGE was more prevalent in the free wall (531/1243, 42.7%) vs. septal segments (30/565, 5.3%). Patients with septal involvement were significantly older and had lower LVEF than those with isolated free wall LGE. Ten percent (11/113) patients who had LGE died 10.8 months after CMR. Only one patient from the LGE negative group died. Patients who died had higher heart rate, larger left ventricular volume and mass, greater number of positive LGE segment and increase incident of septal LGE compared to those who remained alive. Conclusion: In DMD patients, LGE occurs early, is progressive and increases with both age and decreasing LVEF. Segmentally, the incidence of the number of positive LGE segments increase with age and lower LVEF. Older patients and those who died during the study period had more septal LGE involvement. The current studies suggest that the time course and distribution of LGE-positivity may be an important clinical biomarker to aid in the management of DMD-associated cardiac disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number107
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2013

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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Gadolinium
Left Ventricular Function
Population
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Heart Diseases
Ventricular Function

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Family Practice

Cite this

Prevalence and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement in a large population of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy : Effect of age and left ventricular systolic function. / Hor, Kan N.; Taylor, Michael D.; Al-Khalidi, Hussein R.; Cripe, Linda H.; Raman, Subha V.; Jefferies, John; O'Donnell, Robert; Benson, D. Woodrow; Mazur, Wojciech.

In: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, Vol. 15, No. 1, 107, 21.12.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hor, Kan N. ; Taylor, Michael D. ; Al-Khalidi, Hussein R. ; Cripe, Linda H. ; Raman, Subha V. ; Jefferies, John ; O'Donnell, Robert ; Benson, D. Woodrow ; Mazur, Wojciech. / Prevalence and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement in a large population of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy : Effect of age and left ventricular systolic function. In: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked disorder affects approximately 1 in 5000 males, is universally associated with heart disease. We previously identified myocardial disease by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in DMD subjects at various stages of disease, but the true prevalence is unclear. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is well established for both assessment of ventricular function and myocardial fibrosis by LGE. We sought to establish i) prevalence and distribution of LGE in a large DMD population and ii) relationship among LGE, age, LVEF by CMR and current living status. Methods. Current living status, demographic and CMR data including ventricular volumes, LVEF and LGE from 314 DMD patients undergoing evaluation at a single large tertiary referral center were analyzed. Results: 113 of 314 (36{\%}) of DMD subjects showed LGE positivity with prevalence increasing from 17{\%} of patients <10 years to 34{\%} of those aged 10-15 years and 59{\%} of those >15 years-old. Patients with LVEF ≥55{\%} were LGE positive in 30{\%} of cases; this increased to 84{\%} for LVEF <55{\%}. LGE was more prevalent in the free wall (531/1243, 42.7{\%}) vs. septal segments (30/565, 5.3{\%}). Patients with septal involvement were significantly older and had lower LVEF than those with isolated free wall LGE. Ten percent (11/113) patients who had LGE died 10.8 months after CMR. Only one patient from the LGE negative group died. Patients who died had higher heart rate, larger left ventricular volume and mass, greater number of positive LGE segment and increase incident of septal LGE compared to those who remained alive. Conclusion: In DMD patients, LGE occurs early, is progressive and increases with both age and decreasing LVEF. Segmentally, the incidence of the number of positive LGE segments increase with age and lower LVEF. Older patients and those who died during the study period had more septal LGE involvement. The current studies suggest that the time course and distribution of LGE-positivity may be an important clinical biomarker to aid in the management of DMD-associated cardiac disease.",
author = "Hor, {Kan N.} and Taylor, {Michael D.} and Al-Khalidi, {Hussein R.} and Cripe, {Linda H.} and Raman, {Subha V.} and John Jefferies and Robert O'Donnell and Benson, {D. Woodrow} and Wojciech Mazur",
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T1 - Prevalence and distribution of late gadolinium enhancement in a large population of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy

T2 - Effect of age and left ventricular systolic function

AU - Hor, Kan N.

AU - Taylor, Michael D.

AU - Al-Khalidi, Hussein R.

AU - Cripe, Linda H.

AU - Raman, Subha V.

AU - Jefferies, John

AU - O'Donnell, Robert

AU - Benson, D. Woodrow

AU - Mazur, Wojciech

PY - 2013/12/21

Y1 - 2013/12/21

N2 - Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked disorder affects approximately 1 in 5000 males, is universally associated with heart disease. We previously identified myocardial disease by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in DMD subjects at various stages of disease, but the true prevalence is unclear. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is well established for both assessment of ventricular function and myocardial fibrosis by LGE. We sought to establish i) prevalence and distribution of LGE in a large DMD population and ii) relationship among LGE, age, LVEF by CMR and current living status. Methods. Current living status, demographic and CMR data including ventricular volumes, LVEF and LGE from 314 DMD patients undergoing evaluation at a single large tertiary referral center were analyzed. Results: 113 of 314 (36%) of DMD subjects showed LGE positivity with prevalence increasing from 17% of patients <10 years to 34% of those aged 10-15 years and 59% of those >15 years-old. Patients with LVEF ≥55% were LGE positive in 30% of cases; this increased to 84% for LVEF <55%. LGE was more prevalent in the free wall (531/1243, 42.7%) vs. septal segments (30/565, 5.3%). Patients with septal involvement were significantly older and had lower LVEF than those with isolated free wall LGE. Ten percent (11/113) patients who had LGE died 10.8 months after CMR. Only one patient from the LGE negative group died. Patients who died had higher heart rate, larger left ventricular volume and mass, greater number of positive LGE segment and increase incident of septal LGE compared to those who remained alive. Conclusion: In DMD patients, LGE occurs early, is progressive and increases with both age and decreasing LVEF. Segmentally, the incidence of the number of positive LGE segments increase with age and lower LVEF. Older patients and those who died during the study period had more septal LGE involvement. The current studies suggest that the time course and distribution of LGE-positivity may be an important clinical biomarker to aid in the management of DMD-associated cardiac disease.

AB - Background: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), an X-linked disorder affects approximately 1 in 5000 males, is universally associated with heart disease. We previously identified myocardial disease by late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) in DMD subjects at various stages of disease, but the true prevalence is unclear. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is well established for both assessment of ventricular function and myocardial fibrosis by LGE. We sought to establish i) prevalence and distribution of LGE in a large DMD population and ii) relationship among LGE, age, LVEF by CMR and current living status. Methods. Current living status, demographic and CMR data including ventricular volumes, LVEF and LGE from 314 DMD patients undergoing evaluation at a single large tertiary referral center were analyzed. Results: 113 of 314 (36%) of DMD subjects showed LGE positivity with prevalence increasing from 17% of patients <10 years to 34% of those aged 10-15 years and 59% of those >15 years-old. Patients with LVEF ≥55% were LGE positive in 30% of cases; this increased to 84% for LVEF <55%. LGE was more prevalent in the free wall (531/1243, 42.7%) vs. septal segments (30/565, 5.3%). Patients with septal involvement were significantly older and had lower LVEF than those with isolated free wall LGE. Ten percent (11/113) patients who had LGE died 10.8 months after CMR. Only one patient from the LGE negative group died. Patients who died had higher heart rate, larger left ventricular volume and mass, greater number of positive LGE segment and increase incident of septal LGE compared to those who remained alive. Conclusion: In DMD patients, LGE occurs early, is progressive and increases with both age and decreasing LVEF. Segmentally, the incidence of the number of positive LGE segments increase with age and lower LVEF. Older patients and those who died during the study period had more septal LGE involvement. The current studies suggest that the time course and distribution of LGE-positivity may be an important clinical biomarker to aid in the management of DMD-associated cardiac disease.

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