Prevalence of attempting weight loss and strategies for controlling weight

Mary K. Serdula, Ali H. Mokdad, David F. Williamson, Deborah A. Galuska, James M. Mendlein, Gregory Heath

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

414 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Context: Overweight and obesity are increasing in the United States. Changes in diet and physical activity are important for weight control. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of attempting to lose or to maintain weight and to describe weight control strategies among US adults. Design: The Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a random-digit telephone survey conducted in 1996 by state health departments. Setting: The 49 states (and the District of Columbia) that participated in the survey. Participants: Adults aged 18 years and older (N = 107804). Main Outcome Measures: Reported current weights and goal weights, prevalence of weight loss or maintenance attempts, and strategies used to control weight (eating fewer calories, eating less fat or using physical activity) by population subgroup. Results: The prevalence of attempting to lose and maintain weight was 28.8% and 35.1% among men and 43.6% and 34.4% among women, respectively. Among those attempting to lose weight, a common strategy was to consume less fat but not fewer calories (34.9% of men and 40.0% of women); only 21.5% of men and 19.4% of women reported using the recommended combination of eating fewer calories and engaging in at least 150 minutes of leisure-time physical activity per week. Among men trying to lose weight, the median weight was 90.4 kg with a goal weight of 81.4 kg. Among women, the median weight was 70.3 kg with a goal weight of 59.0 kg. Conclusions: Weight loss and weight maintenance are common concerns for US men and women. Most persons trying to lose weight are not using the recommended combination of reducing calorie intake and engaging in leisure-time physical activity 150 minutes or more per week.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1353-1358
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Medical Association
Volume282
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 1999

Fingerprint

Weight Loss
Weights and Measures
Exercise
Eating
Leisure Activities
Fats
Maintenance
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Telephone
Obesity
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Diet

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Serdula, M. K., Mokdad, A. H., Williamson, D. F., Galuska, D. A., Mendlein, J. M., & Heath, G. (1999). Prevalence of attempting weight loss and strategies for controlling weight. Journal of the American Medical Association, 282(14), 1353-1358. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.282.14.1353

Prevalence of attempting weight loss and strategies for controlling weight. / Serdula, Mary K.; Mokdad, Ali H.; Williamson, David F.; Galuska, Deborah A.; Mendlein, James M.; Heath, Gregory.

In: Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 282, No. 14, 13.10.1999, p. 1353-1358.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Serdula, MK, Mokdad, AH, Williamson, DF, Galuska, DA, Mendlein, JM & Heath, G 1999, 'Prevalence of attempting weight loss and strategies for controlling weight', Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 282, no. 14, pp. 1353-1358. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.282.14.1353
Serdula, Mary K. ; Mokdad, Ali H. ; Williamson, David F. ; Galuska, Deborah A. ; Mendlein, James M. ; Heath, Gregory. / Prevalence of attempting weight loss and strategies for controlling weight. In: Journal of the American Medical Association. 1999 ; Vol. 282, No. 14. pp. 1353-1358.
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