Protein kinase D1 is essential for the proinflammatory response induced by hypersensitivity pneumonitis-causing thermophilic actinomycetes Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula

Young In Kim Hoehamer, Jeoung Eun Park, David Brand, Elizabeth Fitzpatrick, Ae-Kyung Yi

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18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is an interstitial lung disease that results from repeated pulmonary exposure to various organic Ags, including Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent of farmer's lung disease. Although the contributions of proinflammatory mediators to the disease pathogenesis are relatively well documented, the mechanism(s) involved in the initiation of proinflammatory responses against the causative microorganisms and the contribution of signaling molecules involved in the host immune defense have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we found that S. rectivirgula induces the activation of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in lung cells in vitro and in vivo. Activation of PKD1 by S. rectivirgula was dependent on MyD88. Inhibition of PKD by pharmacological PKD inhibitor Gö6976 and silencing of PKD1 expression by small interfering RNA revealed that PKD1 is indispensable for S. rectivirgula-mediated activation of MAPKs and NF-κB and the expression of various proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In addition, compared with controls, mice pretreated with Gö6976 showed significantly suppressed alveolitis and neutrophil influx in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid and interstitial lung tissue, as well as substantially decreased myeloperoxidase activity in the lung after pulmonary exposure to S. rectivirgula. These results demonstrate that PKD1 is essential for S. rectivirgula-mediated proinflammatory immune responses and neutrophil influx in the lung. Our findings also imply the possibility that PKD1 is one of the critical factors that play a regulatory role in the development of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by microbial Ags and that inhibition of PKD1 activation could be an effective way to control microbial Ag-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3145-3156
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume184
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 15 2010

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Saccharopolyspora
Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis
Actinobacteria
Protein Kinases
Lung
Neutrophils
Farmer's Lung
Interstitial Lung Diseases
Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Chemokines
Small Interfering RNA
Peroxidase
Lung Diseases
Pharmacology
Cytokines

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Cite this

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title = "Protein kinase D1 is essential for the proinflammatory response induced by hypersensitivity pneumonitis-causing thermophilic actinomycetes Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula",
abstract = "Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is an interstitial lung disease that results from repeated pulmonary exposure to various organic Ags, including Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent of farmer's lung disease. Although the contributions of proinflammatory mediators to the disease pathogenesis are relatively well documented, the mechanism(s) involved in the initiation of proinflammatory responses against the causative microorganisms and the contribution of signaling molecules involved in the host immune defense have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we found that S. rectivirgula induces the activation of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in lung cells in vitro and in vivo. Activation of PKD1 by S. rectivirgula was dependent on MyD88. Inhibition of PKD by pharmacological PKD inhibitor G{\"o}6976 and silencing of PKD1 expression by small interfering RNA revealed that PKD1 is indispensable for S. rectivirgula-mediated activation of MAPKs and NF-κB and the expression of various proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In addition, compared with controls, mice pretreated with G{\"o}6976 showed significantly suppressed alveolitis and neutrophil influx in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid and interstitial lung tissue, as well as substantially decreased myeloperoxidase activity in the lung after pulmonary exposure to S. rectivirgula. These results demonstrate that PKD1 is essential for S. rectivirgula-mediated proinflammatory immune responses and neutrophil influx in the lung. Our findings also imply the possibility that PKD1 is one of the critical factors that play a regulatory role in the development of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by microbial Ags and that inhibition of PKD1 activation could be an effective way to control microbial Ag-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis.",
author = "{Kim Hoehamer}, {Young In} and Park, {Jeoung Eun} and David Brand and Elizabeth Fitzpatrick and Ae-Kyung Yi",
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T1 - Protein kinase D1 is essential for the proinflammatory response induced by hypersensitivity pneumonitis-causing thermophilic actinomycetes Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula

AU - Kim Hoehamer, Young In

AU - Park, Jeoung Eun

AU - Brand, David

AU - Fitzpatrick, Elizabeth

AU - Yi, Ae-Kyung

PY - 2010/3/15

Y1 - 2010/3/15

N2 - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is an interstitial lung disease that results from repeated pulmonary exposure to various organic Ags, including Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent of farmer's lung disease. Although the contributions of proinflammatory mediators to the disease pathogenesis are relatively well documented, the mechanism(s) involved in the initiation of proinflammatory responses against the causative microorganisms and the contribution of signaling molecules involved in the host immune defense have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we found that S. rectivirgula induces the activation of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in lung cells in vitro and in vivo. Activation of PKD1 by S. rectivirgula was dependent on MyD88. Inhibition of PKD by pharmacological PKD inhibitor Gö6976 and silencing of PKD1 expression by small interfering RNA revealed that PKD1 is indispensable for S. rectivirgula-mediated activation of MAPKs and NF-κB and the expression of various proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In addition, compared with controls, mice pretreated with Gö6976 showed significantly suppressed alveolitis and neutrophil influx in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid and interstitial lung tissue, as well as substantially decreased myeloperoxidase activity in the lung after pulmonary exposure to S. rectivirgula. These results demonstrate that PKD1 is essential for S. rectivirgula-mediated proinflammatory immune responses and neutrophil influx in the lung. Our findings also imply the possibility that PKD1 is one of the critical factors that play a regulatory role in the development of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by microbial Ags and that inhibition of PKD1 activation could be an effective way to control microbial Ag-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

AB - Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is an interstitial lung disease that results from repeated pulmonary exposure to various organic Ags, including Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula, the causative agent of farmer's lung disease. Although the contributions of proinflammatory mediators to the disease pathogenesis are relatively well documented, the mechanism(s) involved in the initiation of proinflammatory responses against the causative microorganisms and the contribution of signaling molecules involved in the host immune defense have not been fully elucidated. In the current study, we found that S. rectivirgula induces the activation of protein kinase D (PKD)1 in lung cells in vitro and in vivo. Activation of PKD1 by S. rectivirgula was dependent on MyD88. Inhibition of PKD by pharmacological PKD inhibitor Gö6976 and silencing of PKD1 expression by small interfering RNA revealed that PKD1 is indispensable for S. rectivirgula-mediated activation of MAPKs and NF-κB and the expression of various proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. In addition, compared with controls, mice pretreated with Gö6976 showed significantly suppressed alveolitis and neutrophil influx in bronchial alveolar lavage fluid and interstitial lung tissue, as well as substantially decreased myeloperoxidase activity in the lung after pulmonary exposure to S. rectivirgula. These results demonstrate that PKD1 is essential for S. rectivirgula-mediated proinflammatory immune responses and neutrophil influx in the lung. Our findings also imply the possibility that PKD1 is one of the critical factors that play a regulatory role in the development of hypersensitivity pneumonitis caused by microbial Ags and that inhibition of PKD1 activation could be an effective way to control microbial Ag-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

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