Quantification of sweat gland innervation in patients with Fabry disease

A case-control study

Panagiotis Kokotis, Nurcan Üçeyler, Christian Werner, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Nektaria Papanikola, Aristeidis H. Katsanos, Nikos Karandreas, Claudia Sommer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Hypohidrosis and heat intolerance, frequently reported by men and women with Fabry disease (FD), is thought to be related not only to the deposition of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in eccrine sweat glands, but also to reduced sweat gland sympathetic innervation. Methods: We performed a case-control study to compare the density of sweat gland innervation between patients with FD and healthy controls by examining lower leg skin punch biopsies. We used a standardized grid of circles superimposed upon the immunofluorescent specimen to create a simple pattern of circles over the sweat gland. Nerve fibers that crossed within the circles were manually counted (“crossed circles”). Nerve fibers that touched the edge of the circle but did not enter were spared (“uncrossed circles”). The percentage of crossed circles from all circles was determined. Results: Biopsy specimens were available of 37 FD patients (median age 44 years, 19–67; n = 18 men) and 16 controls (median age 48 years, 24–83, n = 7 men). Totally there were 153 sweat glands from FD patients and 63 from controls, in which innervation was quantified. While mean sweat gland innervation per biopsy did not differ between the entire FD cohort and controls, data stratification for the reported sweating phenotype revealed a stepwise lower innervation in women with FD and hypohidrosis (n.s.) and anhidrosis (p < .05) compared to women reporting normal sweating. Conclusion: Sweat gland innervation is reduced in women with FD and anhidrosis compared to female patients without sweating impairment. Loss of sweat gland innervation may play a role in FD associated anhidrosis, at least in women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-138
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Neurological Sciences
Volume390
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2018

Fingerprint

Fabry Disease
Sweat Glands
Hypohidrosis
Case-Control Studies
Sweating
Sweat Gland Diseases
Biopsy
Nerve Fibers
Eccrine Glands
Leg
Hot Temperature
Phenotype
Skin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

Quantification of sweat gland innervation in patients with Fabry disease : A case-control study. / Kokotis, Panagiotis; Üçeyler, Nurcan; Werner, Christian; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Papanikola, Nektaria; Katsanos, Aristeidis H.; Karandreas, Nikos; Sommer, Claudia.

In: Journal of the Neurological Sciences, Vol. 390, 15.07.2018, p. 135-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kokotis, P, Üçeyler, N, Werner, C, Tsivgoulis, G, Papanikola, N, Katsanos, AH, Karandreas, N & Sommer, C 2018, 'Quantification of sweat gland innervation in patients with Fabry disease: A case-control study', Journal of the Neurological Sciences, vol. 390, pp. 135-138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2018.04.035
Kokotis, Panagiotis ; Üçeyler, Nurcan ; Werner, Christian ; Tsivgoulis, Georgios ; Papanikola, Nektaria ; Katsanos, Aristeidis H. ; Karandreas, Nikos ; Sommer, Claudia. / Quantification of sweat gland innervation in patients with Fabry disease : A case-control study. In: Journal of the Neurological Sciences. 2018 ; Vol. 390. pp. 135-138.
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AU - Papanikola, Nektaria

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N2 - Introduction: Hypohidrosis and heat intolerance, frequently reported by men and women with Fabry disease (FD), is thought to be related not only to the deposition of globotriaosylceramide (Gb3) in eccrine sweat glands, but also to reduced sweat gland sympathetic innervation. Methods: We performed a case-control study to compare the density of sweat gland innervation between patients with FD and healthy controls by examining lower leg skin punch biopsies. We used a standardized grid of circles superimposed upon the immunofluorescent specimen to create a simple pattern of circles over the sweat gland. Nerve fibers that crossed within the circles were manually counted (“crossed circles”). Nerve fibers that touched the edge of the circle but did not enter were spared (“uncrossed circles”). The percentage of crossed circles from all circles was determined. Results: Biopsy specimens were available of 37 FD patients (median age 44 years, 19–67; n = 18 men) and 16 controls (median age 48 years, 24–83, n = 7 men). Totally there were 153 sweat glands from FD patients and 63 from controls, in which innervation was quantified. While mean sweat gland innervation per biopsy did not differ between the entire FD cohort and controls, data stratification for the reported sweating phenotype revealed a stepwise lower innervation in women with FD and hypohidrosis (n.s.) and anhidrosis (p < .05) compared to women reporting normal sweating. Conclusion: Sweat gland innervation is reduced in women with FD and anhidrosis compared to female patients without sweating impairment. Loss of sweat gland innervation may play a role in FD associated anhidrosis, at least in women.

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