Quantitative differences in adhesiveness of type 1 fimbriated Escherichia coli due to structural differences in fimH genes

E. V. Sokurenko, Harry Courtney, J. Maslow, A. Siitonen, D. L. Hasty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Type I fimbriae are heteropolymeric surface organelles responsible for the D-mannose-sensitive (MS) adhesion of Escherichia coli. We recently reported that variation of receptor specificity of type I fimbriae can result solely from minor alterations in the structure of the gene for the FimH adhesin subunit. To further study the relationship between allelic variation of the fimH gene and adhesive properties of type I fimbriae, the fimH genes from five additional strains were cloned and used to complement the FimH deletion in E. coli KB18. When the parental and recombinant strains were tested for adhesion to immobilized mannan, a wide quantitative range in the ability of bacteria to adhere was noted. The differences in adhesion do not appear to be due to differences in the levels of fimbriation or relative levels of incorporation of FimH, because these parameters were similar in low-adhesion and high-adhesion strains. The nucleotide sequence for each of the fimH genes was determined. Analysis of deduced FimH sequences allowed identification of two sequence homology groups, based on the presence of Asn-70 and Ser-78 or Ser-70 and Asn-78 residues. The consensus sequences for each group conferred very low adhesion activity, and this low-adhesion phenotype predominated among a group of 43 fecal isolates. Strains isolated from a different host niche, the urinary tract, expressed type I fimbriae that conferred an increased level of adhesion. The results presented here strongly suggest that the quantitative variations in MS adhesion are due primarily to structural differences in the FimH adhesin. The observed differences in MS adhesion among populations of E. coli isolated from different host niches call additional attention to the possibility that phenotypic variants of FimH may play a functional role in population dynamics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3680-3686
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume177
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

Fingerprint

Adhesiveness
Mannose
Escherichia coli
Genes
Mannans
Consensus Sequence
Population Dynamics
Sequence Homology
Urinary Tract
Organelles
Adhesives
Bacteria
Phenotype
Population

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

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Quantitative differences in adhesiveness of type 1 fimbriated Escherichia coli due to structural differences in fimH genes. / Sokurenko, E. V.; Courtney, Harry; Maslow, J.; Siitonen, A.; Hasty, D. L.

In: Journal of bacteriology, Vol. 177, No. 13, 01.01.1995, p. 3680-3686.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sokurenko, E. V. ; Courtney, Harry ; Maslow, J. ; Siitonen, A. ; Hasty, D. L. / Quantitative differences in adhesiveness of type 1 fimbriated Escherichia coli due to structural differences in fimH genes. In: Journal of bacteriology. 1995 ; Vol. 177, No. 13. pp. 3680-3686.
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abstract = "Type I fimbriae are heteropolymeric surface organelles responsible for the D-mannose-sensitive (MS) adhesion of Escherichia coli. We recently reported that variation of receptor specificity of type I fimbriae can result solely from minor alterations in the structure of the gene for the FimH adhesin subunit. To further study the relationship between allelic variation of the fimH gene and adhesive properties of type I fimbriae, the fimH genes from five additional strains were cloned and used to complement the FimH deletion in E. coli KB18. When the parental and recombinant strains were tested for adhesion to immobilized mannan, a wide quantitative range in the ability of bacteria to adhere was noted. The differences in adhesion do not appear to be due to differences in the levels of fimbriation or relative levels of incorporation of FimH, because these parameters were similar in low-adhesion and high-adhesion strains. The nucleotide sequence for each of the fimH genes was determined. Analysis of deduced FimH sequences allowed identification of two sequence homology groups, based on the presence of Asn-70 and Ser-78 or Ser-70 and Asn-78 residues. The consensus sequences for each group conferred very low adhesion activity, and this low-adhesion phenotype predominated among a group of 43 fecal isolates. Strains isolated from a different host niche, the urinary tract, expressed type I fimbriae that conferred an increased level of adhesion. The results presented here strongly suggest that the quantitative variations in MS adhesion are due primarily to structural differences in the FimH adhesin. The observed differences in MS adhesion among populations of E. coli isolated from different host niches call additional attention to the possibility that phenotypic variants of FimH may play a functional role in population dynamics.",
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