Quantitative trait loci for tibial bone strength in C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ inbred strains of mice

Feng Jiao, Hank Chiu, Yan Jiao, Waldemar G. de Rijk, Xinmin Li, Eugene C. Eckstein, Wesley G. Beamer, Weikuan Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three-point bending technology has been widely used in the measurement of bone strength. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone strength have been identified using mouse femurs. In this study, we investigate the use of mouse tibiae in identification of QTLs that regulate bone strength. Mouse tibiae were from a F2 population derived from C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H). Three-point bending was measured using ISO 4049, with the support width adjustable to accommodate specimen sizes outside the scope of ISO 4049. The strain rate is selectable from 0. 05 to 500 mm per min. All stress strain diagrams are recorded and retrieved in digital electronic form. Genome scan was performed in The Jackson Laboratory (TJL). QTL mapping was conducted using Map Manager QTX software. Data show that (i) both elastic modulus (stiffness) and maximum loading (strength) value appear as normal distributions, suggesting that multiple genetic factors control the bone strength; (ii) 11 QTLs, accounting for 90% of variation for strength, have been detected. More than half QTLs of three-point bending are located on the same locations of bone density earlier identified from mouse femurs; (iii) a major QTL of femoral and vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) was not detected for bone strength of tibiae; (iv) the QTL on chromosome 4 has extremely high LOD score of 31.8 and represents 60% of the variation of bone strength; and (v) four QTLs of stiffness (chromosomes 2, 11, 15 and 19) have been identified.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Genetics
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2010

Fingerprint

Inbred Strains Mice
Quantitative Trait Loci
Bone and Bones
Tibia
Bone Density
Femur
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 19
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 4
Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2
Elastic Modulus
Normal Distribution
Thigh
Software
Genome
Technology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics

Cite this

Quantitative trait loci for tibial bone strength in C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ inbred strains of mice. / Jiao, Feng; Chiu, Hank; Jiao, Yan; de Rijk, Waldemar G.; Li, Xinmin; Eckstein, Eugene C.; Beamer, Wesley G.; Gu, Weikuan.

In: Journal of Genetics, Vol. 89, No. 1, 23.08.2010, p. 21-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jiao, Feng ; Chiu, Hank ; Jiao, Yan ; de Rijk, Waldemar G. ; Li, Xinmin ; Eckstein, Eugene C. ; Beamer, Wesley G. ; Gu, Weikuan. / Quantitative trait loci for tibial bone strength in C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ inbred strains of mice. In: Journal of Genetics. 2010 ; Vol. 89, No. 1. pp. 21-27.
@article{f2bf4b650f01446b84745d5d5d8cbfef,
title = "Quantitative trait loci for tibial bone strength in C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ inbred strains of mice",
abstract = "Three-point bending technology has been widely used in the measurement of bone strength. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone strength have been identified using mouse femurs. In this study, we investigate the use of mouse tibiae in identification of QTLs that regulate bone strength. Mouse tibiae were from a F2 population derived from C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H). Three-point bending was measured using ISO 4049, with the support width adjustable to accommodate specimen sizes outside the scope of ISO 4049. The strain rate is selectable from 0. 05 to 500 mm per min. All stress strain diagrams are recorded and retrieved in digital electronic form. Genome scan was performed in The Jackson Laboratory (TJL). QTL mapping was conducted using Map Manager QTX software. Data show that (i) both elastic modulus (stiffness) and maximum loading (strength) value appear as normal distributions, suggesting that multiple genetic factors control the bone strength; (ii) 11 QTLs, accounting for 90{\%} of variation for strength, have been detected. More than half QTLs of three-point bending are located on the same locations of bone density earlier identified from mouse femurs; (iii) a major QTL of femoral and vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) was not detected for bone strength of tibiae; (iv) the QTL on chromosome 4 has extremely high LOD score of 31.8 and represents 60{\%} of the variation of bone strength; and (v) four QTLs of stiffness (chromosomes 2, 11, 15 and 19) have been identified.",
author = "Feng Jiao and Hank Chiu and Yan Jiao and {de Rijk}, {Waldemar G.} and Xinmin Li and Eckstein, {Eugene C.} and Beamer, {Wesley G.} and Weikuan Gu",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
day = "23",
doi = "10.1007/s12041-010-0007-0",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "89",
pages = "21--27",
journal = "Journal of Genetics",
issn = "0022-1333",
publisher = "Springer India",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Quantitative trait loci for tibial bone strength in C57BL/6J and C3H/HeJ inbred strains of mice

AU - Jiao, Feng

AU - Chiu, Hank

AU - Jiao, Yan

AU - de Rijk, Waldemar G.

AU - Li, Xinmin

AU - Eckstein, Eugene C.

AU - Beamer, Wesley G.

AU - Gu, Weikuan

PY - 2010/8/23

Y1 - 2010/8/23

N2 - Three-point bending technology has been widely used in the measurement of bone strength. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone strength have been identified using mouse femurs. In this study, we investigate the use of mouse tibiae in identification of QTLs that regulate bone strength. Mouse tibiae were from a F2 population derived from C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H). Three-point bending was measured using ISO 4049, with the support width adjustable to accommodate specimen sizes outside the scope of ISO 4049. The strain rate is selectable from 0. 05 to 500 mm per min. All stress strain diagrams are recorded and retrieved in digital electronic form. Genome scan was performed in The Jackson Laboratory (TJL). QTL mapping was conducted using Map Manager QTX software. Data show that (i) both elastic modulus (stiffness) and maximum loading (strength) value appear as normal distributions, suggesting that multiple genetic factors control the bone strength; (ii) 11 QTLs, accounting for 90% of variation for strength, have been detected. More than half QTLs of three-point bending are located on the same locations of bone density earlier identified from mouse femurs; (iii) a major QTL of femoral and vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) was not detected for bone strength of tibiae; (iv) the QTL on chromosome 4 has extremely high LOD score of 31.8 and represents 60% of the variation of bone strength; and (v) four QTLs of stiffness (chromosomes 2, 11, 15 and 19) have been identified.

AB - Three-point bending technology has been widely used in the measurement of bone strength. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for bone strength have been identified using mouse femurs. In this study, we investigate the use of mouse tibiae in identification of QTLs that regulate bone strength. Mouse tibiae were from a F2 population derived from C57BL/6J (B6) and C3H/HeJ (C3H). Three-point bending was measured using ISO 4049, with the support width adjustable to accommodate specimen sizes outside the scope of ISO 4049. The strain rate is selectable from 0. 05 to 500 mm per min. All stress strain diagrams are recorded and retrieved in digital electronic form. Genome scan was performed in The Jackson Laboratory (TJL). QTL mapping was conducted using Map Manager QTX software. Data show that (i) both elastic modulus (stiffness) and maximum loading (strength) value appear as normal distributions, suggesting that multiple genetic factors control the bone strength; (ii) 11 QTLs, accounting for 90% of variation for strength, have been detected. More than half QTLs of three-point bending are located on the same locations of bone density earlier identified from mouse femurs; (iii) a major QTL of femoral and vertebral bone mineral density (BMD) was not detected for bone strength of tibiae; (iv) the QTL on chromosome 4 has extremely high LOD score of 31.8 and represents 60% of the variation of bone strength; and (v) four QTLs of stiffness (chromosomes 2, 11, 15 and 19) have been identified.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77955681636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=77955681636&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s12041-010-0007-0

DO - 10.1007/s12041-010-0007-0

M3 - Article

VL - 89

SP - 21

EP - 27

JO - Journal of Genetics

JF - Journal of Genetics

SN - 0022-1333

IS - 1

ER -