Rabbit platelet calcium ATPase differs from the human erythrocyte (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase in its response to three purified phospholipases A2, exogenous phospholipids and calmodulin

Mostafa Mostafa H., David Nelson, Shivendra D. Shukla, Donald J. Hanahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Human erythrocyte (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase and calcium ATPase of rabbit platelets were compared by their responses to a variety of treatments. These included three purified phospholipases A2 (acidic, neutral and basic) from Agkistrodon halys blomhoffii, as well as several phospholipids and lysophospholipids. The erythrocyte enzyme was stimulated 2-3-fold by all three phospholipases with maximal stimulation occurring at different concentrations of the three enzymes. The basic phospholipase was the most potent, followed by the neutral and acidic enzymes in that order. The calcium ATPase activity of the platelet was also stimulated by phospholipase treatment, but only by 10-20%. The stimulatory activity was attributable to hydrolysis of a very small portion of the total membrane phospholipid. Inactivation of the phospholipases by heating or chemical modification with p-bromophenacyl bromide abolished their ability to stimulate. Addition of polyphosphoinositides stimulated both ATPases. However, another acidic phospholipid, lysophosphatidic acid, stimulated only the erythrocyte enzyme and failed to affect the platelet calcium ATPase. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) had no effect on either enzyme, while the platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine), its lyso compound and lysoPC inhibited both ATPases. Calmodulin stimulated the erythrocyte enzyme, but did not affect the platelet calcium ATPase. These results demonstrate that the protein-lipid interactions operative in the erythrocyte and platelet calcium ATPases are quite different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-266
Number of pages8
JournalBBA - Biomembranes
Volume776
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 3 1984
Externally publishedYes

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Ca(2+) Mg(2+)-ATPase
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Phospholipases A2
Calmodulin
Platelets
Phospholipids
Blood Platelets
Phospholipases
Erythrocytes
Rabbits
Enzymes
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Agkistrodon
Lysophospholipids
Phosphatidylinositol Phosphates
Phosphorylcholine
Platelet Activating Factor
Chemical modification
Phosphatidylcholines
Heating

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Rabbit platelet calcium ATPase differs from the human erythrocyte (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase in its response to three purified phospholipases A2, exogenous phospholipids and calmodulin. / Mostafa H., Mostafa; Nelson, David; Shukla, Shivendra D.; Hanahan, Donald J.

In: BBA - Biomembranes, Vol. 776, No. 2, 03.10.1984, p. 259-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Human erythrocyte (Ca2+ + Mg2+)-ATPase and calcium ATPase of rabbit platelets were compared by their responses to a variety of treatments. These included three purified phospholipases A2 (acidic, neutral and basic) from Agkistrodon halys blomhoffii, as well as several phospholipids and lysophospholipids. The erythrocyte enzyme was stimulated 2-3-fold by all three phospholipases with maximal stimulation occurring at different concentrations of the three enzymes. The basic phospholipase was the most potent, followed by the neutral and acidic enzymes in that order. The calcium ATPase activity of the platelet was also stimulated by phospholipase treatment, but only by 10-20{\%}. The stimulatory activity was attributable to hydrolysis of a very small portion of the total membrane phospholipid. Inactivation of the phospholipases by heating or chemical modification with p-bromophenacyl bromide abolished their ability to stimulate. Addition of polyphosphoinositides stimulated both ATPases. However, another acidic phospholipid, lysophosphatidic acid, stimulated only the erythrocyte enzyme and failed to affect the platelet calcium ATPase. Phosphatidylcholine (PC) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) had no effect on either enzyme, while the platelet-activating factor (1-O-alkyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine), its lyso compound and lysoPC inhibited both ATPases. Calmodulin stimulated the erythrocyte enzyme, but did not affect the platelet calcium ATPase. These results demonstrate that the protein-lipid interactions operative in the erythrocyte and platelet calcium ATPases are quite different.",
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