Racial and ethnic disparities in meeting part D MTM eligibility criteria among the non-medicare population

Junling Wang, Lawrence M. Brown, Song Hee Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To determine whether racial and ethnic minorities were less likely to meet the Medicare Part D eligibility criteria for medication therapy management (MTM) services compared with whites among the adult non-Medicare population, because some non-Medicare health plans have followed the Medicare example. Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting: United States, 2007-08. Patients: 16,691 white, 5,923 black, and 9,242 Hispanic adults (>17 years) among the non-Medicare population. Intervention: Analysis of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. MTM eligibility criteria used by Part D plans in 2008 and 2010-11 were examined. Main and sensitivity analyses were conducted to represent the entire range of the eligibility thresholds used by Part D plans. Analyses also were conducted among individuals with heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Main outcome measures: Proportions and odds of patients meeting Part D MTM eligibility criteria. Results: According to the main analysis examining 2008 eligibility criteria, whites had a higher proportion of eligible individuals than did blacks (3.73% vs. 2.57%) and Hispanics (1.53%, P < 0.05 for both comparisons). According to survey-weighted logistic regression adjusting for patient characteristics, blacks and Hispanics had odds ratios for MTM eligibility of 0.60 (95% CI 0.46-0.79) and 0.54 (0.40-0.72), respectively, compared with whites. Sensitivity analyses, analyses examining 2010-11 eligibility criteria, and analyses among individuals with heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension produced similar findings. Conclusion: Racial and ethnic minorities have lower odds for meeting Part D MTM eligibility criteria than whites among the adult non-Medicare population. MTM eligibility criteria need to be modified to address these disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Volume52
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

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Medication Therapy Management
Hispanic Americans
Population
Medical problems
Heart Diseases
Medicare Part D
Hypertension
Health Expenditures
Medicare
Observational Studies
Logistics
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Odds Ratio
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Health

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology

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Racial and ethnic disparities in meeting part D MTM eligibility criteria among the non-medicare population. / Wang, Junling; Brown, Lawrence M.; Hong, Song Hee.

In: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association, Vol. 52, No. 5, 01.01.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Objective: To determine whether racial and ethnic minorities were less likely to meet the Medicare Part D eligibility criteria for medication therapy management (MTM) services compared with whites among the adult non-Medicare population, because some non-Medicare health plans have followed the Medicare example. Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Setting: United States, 2007-08. Patients: 16,691 white, 5,923 black, and 9,242 Hispanic adults (>17 years) among the non-Medicare population. Intervention: Analysis of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. MTM eligibility criteria used by Part D plans in 2008 and 2010-11 were examined. Main and sensitivity analyses were conducted to represent the entire range of the eligibility thresholds used by Part D plans. Analyses also were conducted among individuals with heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension. Main outcome measures: Proportions and odds of patients meeting Part D MTM eligibility criteria. Results: According to the main analysis examining 2008 eligibility criteria, whites had a higher proportion of eligible individuals than did blacks (3.73{\%} vs. 2.57{\%}) and Hispanics (1.53{\%}, P < 0.05 for both comparisons). According to survey-weighted logistic regression adjusting for patient characteristics, blacks and Hispanics had odds ratios for MTM eligibility of 0.60 (95{\%} CI 0.46-0.79) and 0.54 (0.40-0.72), respectively, compared with whites. Sensitivity analyses, analyses examining 2010-11 eligibility criteria, and analyses among individuals with heart disease, diabetes, and hypertension produced similar findings. Conclusion: Racial and ethnic minorities have lower odds for meeting Part D MTM eligibility criteria than whites among the adult non-Medicare population. MTM eligibility criteria need to be modified to address these disparities.",
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