Rapid progression to regular cigarette smoking among nonsmoking adolescents

Interactions with gender and ethnicity

Jonathan L. Blitstein, Leslie A. Robinson, David M. Murray, Robert C. Klesges, Susan M. Zbikowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. While the correlates and predictors associated with transition through the stages of smoking acquisition have received substantial attention, the identification of factors associated with the time course of progression remain generally unexplored. Methods. We identified adolescents escalating from nonsmoking to regular smoking in 1 year as rapid progressors (n = 98) and those escalating from nonsmoking to experimental smoking in 1 year as slow progressors (n = 555). We entered demographic and psychosocial variables, initial reactions to smoking variables, and their interactions with gender and ethnicity into a logistic regression analysis comparing rapid progressors to slow progressors. Results. At baseline, rapid progressors reported more friends who smoked regularly. Girls who reported more concern with dieting and less social success were more likely to progress to regular smoking within 1 year; these variables did not influence progression in boys. Those who associated positive feelings with their initial smoking experience were more likely to progress to regular smoking. Differences between white and African American youth emphasize the importance of physiological interpretations of initial smoking experiences. Conclusions. Our findings suggest that even as nonsmokers, adolescents likely to progress quickly to regular smoking can be identified. Researchers designing prevention programs should take these factors into account.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)455-463
Number of pages9
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

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Smoking
African Americans
Emotions
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Research Personnel
Demography

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Rapid progression to regular cigarette smoking among nonsmoking adolescents : Interactions with gender and ethnicity. / Blitstein, Jonathan L.; Robinson, Leslie A.; Murray, David M.; Klesges, Robert C.; Zbikowski, Susan M.

In: Preventive Medicine, Vol. 36, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 455-463.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Blitstein, Jonathan L. ; Robinson, Leslie A. ; Murray, David M. ; Klesges, Robert C. ; Zbikowski, Susan M. / Rapid progression to regular cigarette smoking among nonsmoking adolescents : Interactions with gender and ethnicity. In: Preventive Medicine. 2003 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 455-463.
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