Real-time monitoring of the growth of the nasal septal cartilage and the nasofrontal suture

Ayman Al Dayeh, Katherine L. Rafferty, Mark Egbert, Susan W. Herring

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The nasal septum is thought to be a primary growth cartilage for the midface and, as such, has been implicated in syndromes involving midfacial hypoplasia. However, this internal structure is difficult to study directly. The aims of this study were to provide direct, continuous measurements of the growth of the nasal septal cartilage and to compare these with similar measurements of the nasofrontal suture to test whether the growth of the cartilage precedes the growth of the suture and whether the growth of the septal cartilage is constant or episodic. Methods: Ten Hanford minipigs were used. Linear displacement transducers were implanted surgically in the septal cartilage and across the nasofrontal suture. Length measurements of the cartilage and suture were recorded telemetrically each minute for several days. Results: The growth rate of the nasal septal cartilage (0.07% ± 0.03% length/h) was significantly higher than that of the suture (0.03% ± 0.02% length/h) (P = 0.004). The growth of both structures was episodic with alternating periods of growth (5-6 per day) and periods of stasis or shrinkage. No diurnal variation in growth of the cartilage was detected. Conclusions: These results are consistent with the notion that growth of the septal cartilage might drive growth of the nasofrontal suture. Growth of the midface is episodic rather than constant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)773-783
Number of pages11
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Volume143
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Nasal Cartilages
Sutures
Cartilage
Growth
Miniature Swine
Nasal Septum
Transducers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics

Cite this

Real-time monitoring of the growth of the nasal septal cartilage and the nasofrontal suture. / Al Dayeh, Ayman; Rafferty, Katherine L.; Egbert, Mark; Herring, Susan W.

In: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Vol. 143, No. 6, 01.06.2013, p. 773-783.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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