Recent advances in cancer outcomes in HIV-positive smokers [version 1; referees

2 approved]

Santosh Kumar, Sabina Ranjit

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

HIV-infected smokers are at relatively higher risk of cancer than HIV-infected non-smokers. HIV weakens the immune system and renders infected individuals more vulnerable to the carcinogenic effects of smoking. HIV-infected smokers suffer more aggressive forms of cancers than do non-smokers because of the cumulative effects of the virus and cigarette smoke carcinogens. The major types of cancer observed in HIV-infected smokers are lung, head and neck, esophageal, anal, and cervical cancers. In this review, we will discuss the recent advances in cancer outcomes, primarily in terms of cancer incidence, prevalence, and progression in HIV patients who are smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number718
JournalF1000Research
Volume7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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Immune system
Viruses
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Carcinogens
HIV
Neoplasms
Anus Neoplasms
Esophageal Neoplasms
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Immune System
Smoking
Lung
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

Recent advances in cancer outcomes in HIV-positive smokers [version 1; referees : 2 approved]. / Kumar, Santosh; Ranjit, Sabina.

In: F1000Research, Vol. 7, 718, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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