Recruitment Techniques and Strategies in a Community-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Study of Men and Women of African Ancestry

Stacy N. Davis, Swapamthi Govindaraju, Brittany Jackson, Kimberly R. Williams, Shannon Christy, Susan T. Vadaparampil, Gwendolyn P. Quinn, David Shibata, Richard Roetzheim, Cathy D. Meade, Clement K. Gwede

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Recruiting ethnically diverse Black participants to an innovative, community-based research study to reduce colorectal cancer screening disparities requires multipronged recruitment techniques. Objectives This article describes active, passive, and snowball recruitment techniques, and challenges and lessons learned in recruiting a diverse sample of Black participants. Methods For each of the three recruitment techniques, data were collected on strategies, enrollment efficiency (participants enrolled/participants evaluated), and reasons for ineligibility. Results Five hundred sixty individuals were evaluated, and 330 individuals were enrolled. Active recruitment yielded the highest number of enrolled participants, followed by passive and snowball. Snowball recruitment was the most efficient technique, with enrollment efficiency of 72.4%, followed by passive (58.1%) and active (55.7%) techniques. There were significant differences in gender, education, country of origin, health insurance, and having a regular physician by recruitment technique (p <.05). Discussion Multipronged recruitment techniques should be employed to increase reach, diversity, and study participation rates among Blacks. Although each recruitment technique had a variable enrollment efficiency, the use of multipronged recruitment techniques can lead to successful enrollment of diverse Blacks into cancer prevention and control interventions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)212-221
Number of pages10
JournalNursing Research
Volume67
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

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Early Detection of Cancer
Colorectal Neoplasms
Health Insurance
Physicians
Education
Research
Neoplasms

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

Davis, S. N., Govindaraju, S., Jackson, B., Williams, K. R., Christy, S., Vadaparampil, S. T., ... Gwede, C. K. (2018). Recruitment Techniques and Strategies in a Community-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Study of Men and Women of African Ancestry. Nursing Research, 67(3), 212-221. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000274

Recruitment Techniques and Strategies in a Community-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Study of Men and Women of African Ancestry. / Davis, Stacy N.; Govindaraju, Swapamthi; Jackson, Brittany; Williams, Kimberly R.; Christy, Shannon; Vadaparampil, Susan T.; Quinn, Gwendolyn P.; Shibata, David; Roetzheim, Richard; Meade, Cathy D.; Gwede, Clement K.

In: Nursing Research, Vol. 67, No. 3, 01.05.2018, p. 212-221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Davis, SN, Govindaraju, S, Jackson, B, Williams, KR, Christy, S, Vadaparampil, ST, Quinn, GP, Shibata, D, Roetzheim, R, Meade, CD & Gwede, CK 2018, 'Recruitment Techniques and Strategies in a Community-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Study of Men and Women of African Ancestry', Nursing Research, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 212-221. https://doi.org/10.1097/NNR.0000000000000274
Davis, Stacy N. ; Govindaraju, Swapamthi ; Jackson, Brittany ; Williams, Kimberly R. ; Christy, Shannon ; Vadaparampil, Susan T. ; Quinn, Gwendolyn P. ; Shibata, David ; Roetzheim, Richard ; Meade, Cathy D. ; Gwede, Clement K. / Recruitment Techniques and Strategies in a Community-Based Colorectal Cancer Screening Study of Men and Women of African Ancestry. In: Nursing Research. 2018 ; Vol. 67, No. 3. pp. 212-221.
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