Regional brain differences in cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume in individuals with williams syndrome

Shashwath A. Meda, Jennifer Pryweller, Tricia A. Thornton-Wells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Williams syndrome (WS) is a rare genetic neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by increased non-social anxiety, sensitivity to sounds and hypersociability. Previous studies have reported contradictory findings with regard to regional brain variation in WS, relying on only one type of morphological measure (usually volume) in each study. The present study aims to contribute to this body of literature and perhaps elucidate some of these discrepancies by examining concurrent measures of cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume between WS subjects and typically-developing (TD) controls. High resolution MRI scans were obtained on 31 WS subjects and 50 typically developing control subjects. We derived quantitative regional estimates of cortical thickness, cortical surface area, and subcortical volume using FreeSurfer software. We evaluated between-group ROI differences while controlling for total intracranial volume. In post-hoc exploratory analyses within the WS group, we tested for correlations between regional brain variation and Beck Anxiety Inventory scores. Consistent with our hypothesis, we detected complex patterns of between-group cortical variation, which included lower surface area in combination with greater thickness in the following cortical regions: post central gyrus, cuneus, lateral orbitofrontal cortex and lingual gyrus. Additional cortical regions showed between-group differences in one (but not both) morphological measures. Subcortical volume was lower in the basal ganglia and the hippocampus in WS versus TD controls. Exploratory correlations revealed that anxiety scores were negatively correlated with gray matter surface area in insula, OFC, rostral middle frontal, superior temporal and lingual gyrus. Our results were consistent with previous reports showing structural alterations in regions supporting the socio-affective and visuospatial impairments in WS. However, we also were able to effectively capture novel and complex patterns of cortical differences using both surface area and thickness. In addition, correlation results implicate specific brain regions in levels of anxiety in WS, consistent with previous reports investigating general anxiety disorders in the general population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere31913
JournalPloS one
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2012

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Williams Syndrome
anxiety
surface area
Brain
brain
Occipital Lobe
tongue
Anxiety
Prefrontal Cortex
genetic disorders
hippocampus
Inborn Genetic Diseases
Somatosensory Cortex
Acoustic waves
Temporal Lobe
Basal Ganglia
Anxiety Disorders
Hippocampus
Software
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Regional brain differences in cortical thickness, surface area and subcortical volume in individuals with williams syndrome. / Meda, Shashwath A.; Pryweller, Jennifer; Thornton-Wells, Tricia A.

In: PloS one, Vol. 7, No. 2, e31913, 15.02.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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