Regulation of Skeletal Muscle DRP-1 and FIS-1 Protein Expression by IL-6 Signaling

Dennis K. Fix, Brandon N. Vanderveen, Brittany R. Counts, James Carson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

IL-6 signals through the ubiquitously expressed glycoprotein 130 (gp130) transmembrane protein to activate intracellular signaling that includes signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Dynamin-1-like protein (DRP-1) and mitochondrial fission 1 protein (FIS-1) are key proteins in the process of mitochondrial fission and have emerged as IL-6-sensitive targets. The purpose of this study was to examine the regulation of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression by IL-6 and gp130 signaling in myotubes and skeletal muscle. Fully differentiated C2C12 myotubes were treated with 100 ng of IL-6 for 24 hours in the presence of gp130siRNA, C188-9 (STAT3 inhibitor), or PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor). Male C57BL/6 (B6) and muscle-specific gp130 knockout mice (KO) had IL-6 systemically overexpressed for 2 weeks by transient transfection with 50 ng of an IL-6-expressing or control plasmid in the quadriceps muscles, and the tibialis anterior muscle was analyzed to determine systemic effects of IL-6. IL-6 induced DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes 124% and 82% (p=.001) and in skeletal muscle 97% and 187% (p=.001). Myotube gp130 knockdown suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 68% (p=.002) and FIS-1 65% (p=.001). Muscle KO suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 220% (p=.001) and FIS-1 121% (p=.001). ERK1/2 inhibition suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 59% (p=.0003) and FIS-1 102% (p=.0001) in myotubes, while there was no effect of STAT3 inhibition. We report that chronically elevated IL-6 can directly induce DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression through gp130 signaling in cultured myotubes and skeletal muscle. Furthermore, ERK 1/2 signaling is necessary for the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8908457
JournalOxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
Volume2019
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Muscle
Interleukin-6
Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle Fibers
Proteins
Glycoproteins
STAT3 Transcription Factor
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Mitochondrial Dynamics
Knockout Mice
Muscles
Dynamin I
Quadriceps Muscle
Transfection
Plasmids

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Aging
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Regulation of Skeletal Muscle DRP-1 and FIS-1 Protein Expression by IL-6 Signaling. / Fix, Dennis K.; Vanderveen, Brandon N.; Counts, Brittany R.; Carson, James.

In: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, Vol. 2019, 8908457, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Regulation of Skeletal Muscle DRP-1 and FIS-1 Protein Expression by IL-6 Signaling",
abstract = "IL-6 signals through the ubiquitously expressed glycoprotein 130 (gp130) transmembrane protein to activate intracellular signaling that includes signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Dynamin-1-like protein (DRP-1) and mitochondrial fission 1 protein (FIS-1) are key proteins in the process of mitochondrial fission and have emerged as IL-6-sensitive targets. The purpose of this study was to examine the regulation of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression by IL-6 and gp130 signaling in myotubes and skeletal muscle. Fully differentiated C2C12 myotubes were treated with 100 ng of IL-6 for 24 hours in the presence of gp130siRNA, C188-9 (STAT3 inhibitor), or PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor). Male C57BL/6 (B6) and muscle-specific gp130 knockout mice (KO) had IL-6 systemically overexpressed for 2 weeks by transient transfection with 50 ng of an IL-6-expressing or control plasmid in the quadriceps muscles, and the tibialis anterior muscle was analyzed to determine systemic effects of IL-6. IL-6 induced DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes 124{\%} and 82{\%} (p=.001) and in skeletal muscle 97{\%} and 187{\%} (p=.001). Myotube gp130 knockdown suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 68{\%} (p=.002) and FIS-1 65{\%} (p=.001). Muscle KO suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 220{\%} (p=.001) and FIS-1 121{\%} (p=.001). ERK1/2 inhibition suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 59{\%} (p=.0003) and FIS-1 102{\%} (p=.0001) in myotubes, while there was no effect of STAT3 inhibition. We report that chronically elevated IL-6 can directly induce DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression through gp130 signaling in cultured myotubes and skeletal muscle. Furthermore, ERK 1/2 signaling is necessary for the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes.",
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N2 - IL-6 signals through the ubiquitously expressed glycoprotein 130 (gp130) transmembrane protein to activate intracellular signaling that includes signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Dynamin-1-like protein (DRP-1) and mitochondrial fission 1 protein (FIS-1) are key proteins in the process of mitochondrial fission and have emerged as IL-6-sensitive targets. The purpose of this study was to examine the regulation of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression by IL-6 and gp130 signaling in myotubes and skeletal muscle. Fully differentiated C2C12 myotubes were treated with 100 ng of IL-6 for 24 hours in the presence of gp130siRNA, C188-9 (STAT3 inhibitor), or PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor). Male C57BL/6 (B6) and muscle-specific gp130 knockout mice (KO) had IL-6 systemically overexpressed for 2 weeks by transient transfection with 50 ng of an IL-6-expressing or control plasmid in the quadriceps muscles, and the tibialis anterior muscle was analyzed to determine systemic effects of IL-6. IL-6 induced DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes 124% and 82% (p=.001) and in skeletal muscle 97% and 187% (p=.001). Myotube gp130 knockdown suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 68% (p=.002) and FIS-1 65% (p=.001). Muscle KO suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 220% (p=.001) and FIS-1 121% (p=.001). ERK1/2 inhibition suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 59% (p=.0003) and FIS-1 102% (p=.0001) in myotubes, while there was no effect of STAT3 inhibition. We report that chronically elevated IL-6 can directly induce DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression through gp130 signaling in cultured myotubes and skeletal muscle. Furthermore, ERK 1/2 signaling is necessary for the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes.

AB - IL-6 signals through the ubiquitously expressed glycoprotein 130 (gp130) transmembrane protein to activate intracellular signaling that includes signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2). Dynamin-1-like protein (DRP-1) and mitochondrial fission 1 protein (FIS-1) are key proteins in the process of mitochondrial fission and have emerged as IL-6-sensitive targets. The purpose of this study was to examine the regulation of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression by IL-6 and gp130 signaling in myotubes and skeletal muscle. Fully differentiated C2C12 myotubes were treated with 100 ng of IL-6 for 24 hours in the presence of gp130siRNA, C188-9 (STAT3 inhibitor), or PD98059 (ERK1/2 inhibitor). Male C57BL/6 (B6) and muscle-specific gp130 knockout mice (KO) had IL-6 systemically overexpressed for 2 weeks by transient transfection with 50 ng of an IL-6-expressing or control plasmid in the quadriceps muscles, and the tibialis anterior muscle was analyzed to determine systemic effects of IL-6. IL-6 induced DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes 124% and 82% (p=.001) and in skeletal muscle 97% and 187% (p=.001). Myotube gp130 knockdown suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 68% (p=.002) and FIS-1 65% (p=.001). Muscle KO suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 220% (p=.001) and FIS-1 121% (p=.001). ERK1/2 inhibition suppressed the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 59% (p=.0003) and FIS-1 102% (p=.0001) in myotubes, while there was no effect of STAT3 inhibition. We report that chronically elevated IL-6 can directly induce DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression through gp130 signaling in cultured myotubes and skeletal muscle. Furthermore, ERK 1/2 signaling is necessary for the IL-6 induction of DRP-1 and FIS-1 expression in myotubes.

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