Relationship Between Obesity and the Metabolic Effects of Smoking in Women

Janet E. Audrain, Robert Klesges, Lisa M. Klesges

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The influence of cigarette smoking on resting energy expenditure (REE) in normal-weight and obese smokers was investigated. Participants were 20 normal-weight and 20 obese female smokers assessed over a 2-day period. The results indicated that REE increased in both obese and normal-weight smokers after smoking, but the increase was greater for normal-weight participants. The normal-weight group showed a 9.7%, 5.8%, and a 3.6% increase in REE during the three 10-min blocks constituting the 30-min postsmoking phase. However, the obese group showed a 3.9% and a 0.7% increase in REE and a 0.8% decrease in REE during this postsmoking phase. Between-group comparisons revealed a differential rate of change in REE after smoking, indicating that the obese group's change of REE at every postsmoking time point was on average 70 kcal/day below that of the normal-weight group. The metabolic effect of smoking is reproducible, and the obese smokers reliably show an attenuated effect. However, the reliability of the change is lower for both normal-weight and obese smokers. The results have potential implications for discouraging obese persons from taking up smoking and intervening among those who already smoke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-123
Number of pages8
JournalHealth Psychology
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995

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Energy Metabolism
Obesity
Smoking
Weights and Measures
Smoke

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Applied Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Relationship Between Obesity and the Metabolic Effects of Smoking in Women. / Audrain, Janet E.; Klesges, Robert; Klesges, Lisa M.

In: Health Psychology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.01.1995, p. 116-123.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Audrain, Janet E. ; Klesges, Robert ; Klesges, Lisa M. / Relationship Between Obesity and the Metabolic Effects of Smoking in Women. In: Health Psychology. 1995 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 116-123.
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