Removal of GABAergic inhibition alters subthreshold input in neurons in forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) after digit stimulation

Cheng X. Li, Joseph C. Callaway, Robert Waters

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Abstract

Our objective was to test the hypothesis that suppression of GABAergic inhibition results in an enhancement of responses to stimulation of the surround receptive field. Neurons in the forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) receive short latency suprathreshold input from a principal location on the forepaw and longer latency subthreshold input from surrounding forepaw skin regions. Input from principal and surround receptive field sites was examined before, during, and after administration of the GABA A receptor blocker bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (in 165 mM NaCl at pH 3.3-3.5). In vivo extracellular recording was used to first identify the location of the glabrous forepaw digit representation within the FBS. In vivo intracellular recording and labeling techniques were then used to impale single FBS neurons in layer IV as well as neurons in layers III and V, determine the receptive field of the cell, and fill the cell with biocytin for subsequent morphological identification. The intracellular recording electrode was fastened with dental wax to a double-barrel pipette for BMI iontophoresis and current balance. A stimulating probe, placed on the glabrous forepaw skin surface, was used to identify principal and surround components of the receptive field. Once a cell was impaled and a stable recording was obtained, a stimulating probe was placed at a selected site within the surround receptive field. Single-pulse stimulation (1 Hz) was then delivered through the skin probe and the percentage of spikes occurring in 1-min intervals before BMI onset was used as a baseline measure. BMI was then iontophoresed while the periphery was simultaneously stimulated, and spike percentage measured during and after BMI ejection was compared with the pre-BMI baseline. The major findings are: (1) suppression of GABAergic inhibition enhanced evoked responses to firing level from sites in surround receptive fields in 65% of the cells (n=17); (2) evoked responses were rapidly elevated (within 1 min) to suprathreshold firing in the presence of BMI in 31% of the cells; (3) GABAergic inhibition was reversible [suprathreshold spiking gradually reversed to subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in 45% of the cells tested]; (4) BMI altered the stimulus-evoked and non-stimulus-evoked firing pattern in SI neurons from single spikes to burst patterns in all tested cells; and (5) iontophoresis of NaCl (165 mM) without BMI was ineffective in altering evoked responses in control cells (n=4). The present findings support the notion that subthreshold input from surround receptive fields is one possible mechanism for rapid cortical reorganization in barrel cortex and that GABAergic inhibition may regulate its expression. Possible corticocortical and thalamocortical substrates for subthreshold input to reach barrel neurons are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-428
Number of pages18
JournalExperimental Brain Research
Volume145
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 18 2002

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Somatosensory Cortex
Neurons
Iontophoresis
Skin
bicuculline methiodide
Waxes
Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials
GABA-A Receptors
Tooth
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

@article{37eed79ad777455b835da42ccc8c2d65,
title = "Removal of GABAergic inhibition alters subthreshold input in neurons in forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) after digit stimulation",
abstract = "Our objective was to test the hypothesis that suppression of GABAergic inhibition results in an enhancement of responses to stimulation of the surround receptive field. Neurons in the forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) receive short latency suprathreshold input from a principal location on the forepaw and longer latency subthreshold input from surrounding forepaw skin regions. Input from principal and surround receptive field sites was examined before, during, and after administration of the GABA A receptor blocker bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (in 165 mM NaCl at pH 3.3-3.5). In vivo extracellular recording was used to first identify the location of the glabrous forepaw digit representation within the FBS. In vivo intracellular recording and labeling techniques were then used to impale single FBS neurons in layer IV as well as neurons in layers III and V, determine the receptive field of the cell, and fill the cell with biocytin for subsequent morphological identification. The intracellular recording electrode was fastened with dental wax to a double-barrel pipette for BMI iontophoresis and current balance. A stimulating probe, placed on the glabrous forepaw skin surface, was used to identify principal and surround components of the receptive field. Once a cell was impaled and a stable recording was obtained, a stimulating probe was placed at a selected site within the surround receptive field. Single-pulse stimulation (1 Hz) was then delivered through the skin probe and the percentage of spikes occurring in 1-min intervals before BMI onset was used as a baseline measure. BMI was then iontophoresed while the periphery was simultaneously stimulated, and spike percentage measured during and after BMI ejection was compared with the pre-BMI baseline. The major findings are: (1) suppression of GABAergic inhibition enhanced evoked responses to firing level from sites in surround receptive fields in 65{\%} of the cells (n=17); (2) evoked responses were rapidly elevated (within 1 min) to suprathreshold firing in the presence of BMI in 31{\%} of the cells; (3) GABAergic inhibition was reversible [suprathreshold spiking gradually reversed to subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in 45{\%} of the cells tested]; (4) BMI altered the stimulus-evoked and non-stimulus-evoked firing pattern in SI neurons from single spikes to burst patterns in all tested cells; and (5) iontophoresis of NaCl (165 mM) without BMI was ineffective in altering evoked responses in control cells (n=4). The present findings support the notion that subthreshold input from surround receptive fields is one possible mechanism for rapid cortical reorganization in barrel cortex and that GABAergic inhibition may regulate its expression. Possible corticocortical and thalamocortical substrates for subthreshold input to reach barrel neurons are discussed.",
author = "Li, {Cheng X.} and Callaway, {Joseph C.} and Robert Waters",
year = "2002",
month = "9",
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doi = "10.1007/s00221-002-1124-7",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "145",
pages = "411--428",
journal = "Experimental Brain Research",
issn = "0014-4819",
publisher = "Springer Verlag",
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T1 - Removal of GABAergic inhibition alters subthreshold input in neurons in forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) after digit stimulation

AU - Li, Cheng X.

AU - Callaway, Joseph C.

AU - Waters, Robert

PY - 2002/9/18

Y1 - 2002/9/18

N2 - Our objective was to test the hypothesis that suppression of GABAergic inhibition results in an enhancement of responses to stimulation of the surround receptive field. Neurons in the forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) receive short latency suprathreshold input from a principal location on the forepaw and longer latency subthreshold input from surrounding forepaw skin regions. Input from principal and surround receptive field sites was examined before, during, and after administration of the GABA A receptor blocker bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (in 165 mM NaCl at pH 3.3-3.5). In vivo extracellular recording was used to first identify the location of the glabrous forepaw digit representation within the FBS. In vivo intracellular recording and labeling techniques were then used to impale single FBS neurons in layer IV as well as neurons in layers III and V, determine the receptive field of the cell, and fill the cell with biocytin for subsequent morphological identification. The intracellular recording electrode was fastened with dental wax to a double-barrel pipette for BMI iontophoresis and current balance. A stimulating probe, placed on the glabrous forepaw skin surface, was used to identify principal and surround components of the receptive field. Once a cell was impaled and a stable recording was obtained, a stimulating probe was placed at a selected site within the surround receptive field. Single-pulse stimulation (1 Hz) was then delivered through the skin probe and the percentage of spikes occurring in 1-min intervals before BMI onset was used as a baseline measure. BMI was then iontophoresed while the periphery was simultaneously stimulated, and spike percentage measured during and after BMI ejection was compared with the pre-BMI baseline. The major findings are: (1) suppression of GABAergic inhibition enhanced evoked responses to firing level from sites in surround receptive fields in 65% of the cells (n=17); (2) evoked responses were rapidly elevated (within 1 min) to suprathreshold firing in the presence of BMI in 31% of the cells; (3) GABAergic inhibition was reversible [suprathreshold spiking gradually reversed to subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in 45% of the cells tested]; (4) BMI altered the stimulus-evoked and non-stimulus-evoked firing pattern in SI neurons from single spikes to burst patterns in all tested cells; and (5) iontophoresis of NaCl (165 mM) without BMI was ineffective in altering evoked responses in control cells (n=4). The present findings support the notion that subthreshold input from surround receptive fields is one possible mechanism for rapid cortical reorganization in barrel cortex and that GABAergic inhibition may regulate its expression. Possible corticocortical and thalamocortical substrates for subthreshold input to reach barrel neurons are discussed.

AB - Our objective was to test the hypothesis that suppression of GABAergic inhibition results in an enhancement of responses to stimulation of the surround receptive field. Neurons in the forepaw barrel subfield (FBS) in rat first somatosensory cortex (SI) receive short latency suprathreshold input from a principal location on the forepaw and longer latency subthreshold input from surrounding forepaw skin regions. Input from principal and surround receptive field sites was examined before, during, and after administration of the GABA A receptor blocker bicuculline methiodide (BMI) (in 165 mM NaCl at pH 3.3-3.5). In vivo extracellular recording was used to first identify the location of the glabrous forepaw digit representation within the FBS. In vivo intracellular recording and labeling techniques were then used to impale single FBS neurons in layer IV as well as neurons in layers III and V, determine the receptive field of the cell, and fill the cell with biocytin for subsequent morphological identification. The intracellular recording electrode was fastened with dental wax to a double-barrel pipette for BMI iontophoresis and current balance. A stimulating probe, placed on the glabrous forepaw skin surface, was used to identify principal and surround components of the receptive field. Once a cell was impaled and a stable recording was obtained, a stimulating probe was placed at a selected site within the surround receptive field. Single-pulse stimulation (1 Hz) was then delivered through the skin probe and the percentage of spikes occurring in 1-min intervals before BMI onset was used as a baseline measure. BMI was then iontophoresed while the periphery was simultaneously stimulated, and spike percentage measured during and after BMI ejection was compared with the pre-BMI baseline. The major findings are: (1) suppression of GABAergic inhibition enhanced evoked responses to firing level from sites in surround receptive fields in 65% of the cells (n=17); (2) evoked responses were rapidly elevated (within 1 min) to suprathreshold firing in the presence of BMI in 31% of the cells; (3) GABAergic inhibition was reversible [suprathreshold spiking gradually reversed to subthreshold excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) in 45% of the cells tested]; (4) BMI altered the stimulus-evoked and non-stimulus-evoked firing pattern in SI neurons from single spikes to burst patterns in all tested cells; and (5) iontophoresis of NaCl (165 mM) without BMI was ineffective in altering evoked responses in control cells (n=4). The present findings support the notion that subthreshold input from surround receptive fields is one possible mechanism for rapid cortical reorganization in barrel cortex and that GABAergic inhibition may regulate its expression. Possible corticocortical and thalamocortical substrates for subthreshold input to reach barrel neurons are discussed.

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