Repopulation of periodontal pockets by microbial pathogens in the absence of supportive therapy

Jacob Shiloah, Mark R. Patters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

THIS CLINICAL STUDY EVALUATED THE REINFECTION incidence by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans (Aa), Porphyromonas gingivalis (Pg), and Prevotella intermedia (Pi) in periodontal pockets following scaling and root planing (SRP) and intrapocket irrigation with antimicrobial agents in a patient population who did not receive supportive maintenance therapy. The number of target organisms was determined utilizing DNA probes. Forty-one (41) inflamed pockets ≥ 5 mm with attachment loss and containing at least one target species were selected in 6 adult patients. Following a baseline clinical and bacterial examination, all patients received thorough SRP. In addition, 1 to 2 teeth in each patient were randomly assigned to each of the following 4 treatment modalities: 1) control group, no irrigation; 2) saline group, irrigation with 2 cc of 0.85% saline; 3) tetracycline group, irrigation with 2 cc of aqueous tetracycline HCl, 50 mg/ml (5%); and 4) chlorhexidine group, irrigation with 2 cc, respectively. All selected sites were non-adjacent. No additional therapy was rendered during the entire 1-year observation period. Clinical parameters and microbial analyses were recorded again at 1 week, and 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months post-treatment. The effect of antimicrobial irrigation on the reinfection rate of sites by Aa, Pg, and Pi was compared with that of the control groups (1 and 2) by ANOVA. No statistically significant differences were observed among the irrigation treatment groups with regard to any of the clinical or bacterial parameters studied. Therefore, the 4 treatment groups were combined into a single group whereby the rate of bacterial repopulation following extensive scaling and root planing could be ascertained. The infection incidence of sites at baseline (of total sites), 1 week and 12 months (of sites originally infected at baseline) was 14/41, 3/14, and 7/14 for Aa; 33/41, 6/33, and 12/33 for Pg; and 37/41, 3/37, and 12/37 for Pi, respectively. Thus, half or fewer of the originally infected sites became reinfected at 12 months despite lack of maintenance therapy. The results suggest that 1) a single episode of pocket irrigation with antimicrobial agents following thorough scaling and root planing did not affect the rate of repopulation of periodontal pockets by the tested pathogens; 2) thorough scaling and root planing has a lasting suppressive effect on selected periodontal pathogens for the majority of sites in patients with adult periodontitis; 3) pre-operative probing depth, the amount of gingival fluid flow and the composition of the subgingival microflora may serve as predictors for reinfection in the absence of maintenance care; and 4) reinfection of the treated sites by Aa, Pg, and/or Pi may constitute a risk factor that diminishes the effect of therapy in the absence of supportive maintenance care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)130-139
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Periodontology
Volume67
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

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Periodontal Pocket
Root Planing
Prevotella intermedia
Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans
Porphyromonas gingivalis
Therapeutics
Anti-Infective Agents
Tetracycline
Maintenance
Chronic Periodontitis
Control Groups
Chlorhexidine
Incidence
DNA Probes
Analysis of Variance
Tooth
Observation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Repopulation of periodontal pockets by microbial pathogens in the absence of supportive therapy. / Shiloah, Jacob; Patters, Mark R.

In: Journal of Periodontology, Vol. 67, No. 2, 01.01.1996, p. 130-139.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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