Residential proximity to Toxic Release Sites and the Implications for Low Birth Weight Premature Delivery

Troylyn Braud, Simonne Nouer, Kimberly Lamar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The objective of the study discussed in this article was to evaluate the impact of residential proximity to toxic release sites (TRS) and potential implications for low birth weight (LBW) and premature delivery in Shelby County, Tennessee women. The sample (N = 369) included pregnant women who participated in the Blues Project (2007-2009). ArcGIS was used to map the mother's residence at delivery and distance from each of the 10 TRS. Multivariate logistic regression was used to predict LBW and prematurity based on proximity to TRS, while adjusting for probable confounders and effect modifiers. Proximity to Site 8 (odds ratio [OR] = 4.018, confidence interval [CI] = 1.103-14.643) and Site 10 (OR = 2.667, CI = 1.036-6.862) put mothers at increased risk for preterm births. The authors' findings suggest that residential proximity to Site 8 or Site 10 may be a risk factor for premature delivery in Shelby County women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-13
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Environmental Health
Volume73
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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Poisons
Low Birth Weight Infant
confidence interval
Odds Ratio
Mothers
Confidence Intervals
Premature Birth
risk factor
Pregnant Women
logistics
Logistic Models
woman

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

Residential proximity to Toxic Release Sites and the Implications for Low Birth Weight Premature Delivery. / Braud, Troylyn; Nouer, Simonne; Lamar, Kimberly.

In: Journal of Environmental Health, Vol. 73, No. 6, 01.01.2011, p. 8-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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