Risk of Anal Cancer in People Living with HIV

Addressing Anal Health in the HIV Primary Care Setting

Crystal Walker, Wendy Likes, Marye Bernard, Satish Kedia, Elizabeth Tolley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Anal health and anal cancer are rarely addressed in HIV primary care. We sought to understand factors that impeded or promoted addressing anal health in HIV primary care from providers' perspectives. In this exploratory study, HIV primary care providers from the Mid-South region of the United States participated in brief individual interviews. We analyzed transcribed data to identify barriers and facilitators to addressing anal health. Our study sample included five physicians and four nurse practitioners. The data revealed a number of barriers such as perception of patient embarrassment, provider embarrassment, external issues such as time constraints, demand of other priorities, lack of anal complaints, lack of resources, and gender discordance. Facilitators included awareness, advantageous circumstances, and the patient–provider relationship. Anal health education should be prioritized for HIV primary care providers. Preventive health visits should be considered to mitigate time constraints, demands for other priorities, and unequal gender opportunities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)563-573
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

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Anus Neoplasms
Primary Health Care
HIV
Health
Nurse Practitioners
Health Education
Interviews
Physicians

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Cite this

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