Role of brain macrophages on IL-1β and fatigue following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage

Martin D. Carmichael, J. Mark Davis, E. Angela Murphy, James Carson, N. Van Rooijen, Eugene Mayer, Abdul Ghaffar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fatigue associated with recovery from muscle damage has recently been linked to increases in brain and muscle proinflammatory cytokines. However, little is known regarding the origin of these cytokines. Since macrophage-like cells in the brain are a primary source of cytokines, we used a brain specific macrophage depletion technique involving liposome encapsulated clodronate (CLD) to examine the role of macrophages on brain IL-1β and fatigue following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. Mice were assigned to six groups: Downhill saline (DWNSAL), downhill clodronate (DWNCLD), uphill saline (UPSAL), uphill clodronate (UPCLD), non-running saline (CONSAL) or non-running clodronate (CONCLD). Mice were given intracerebroventricular (ICV) (10μL) injections of clodronate-filled liposomes (CLD) to deplete macrophages, or saline-filled liposomes (SAL) and run on a treadmill at 22. m/min and -14% (DWN) or 14% (UP) grade for 150. min. A subset of uphill and downhill running mice (n=. 40) was then run to fatigue on a treadmill at 36. m/min, 8% grade at 24. h after the uphill and downhill runs. A second subset of uphill, downhill, and control mice (n=. 30) was sacrificed 24. h after the run for analysis of brain IL-1β concentration. Histological examination confirmed previous reports that CLD administration reduced perivascular and meningeal macrophage subsets in the brain. CLD reduced IL-1β concentration in the cortex of DWN mice (P<0.05), which was associated with enhanced treadmill performance 24. h after both uphill and downhill runs (P<0.05) although the magnitude was greater following the downhill run. These results suggest that brain macrophages can contribute to the increase in brain IL-1β and fatigue that are associated with recovery from exercise-induced muscle damage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)564-568
Number of pages5
JournalBrain, Behavior, and Immunity
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Clodronic Acid
Interleukin-1
Fatigue
Macrophages
Muscles
Brain
Liposomes
Cytokines
Running
Injections

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Immunology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Role of brain macrophages on IL-1β and fatigue following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. / Carmichael, Martin D.; Davis, J. Mark; Murphy, E. Angela; Carson, James; Van Rooijen, N.; Mayer, Eugene; Ghaffar, Abdul.

In: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, Vol. 24, No. 4, 01.05.2010, p. 564-568.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Carmichael, Martin D. ; Davis, J. Mark ; Murphy, E. Angela ; Carson, James ; Van Rooijen, N. ; Mayer, Eugene ; Ghaffar, Abdul. / Role of brain macrophages on IL-1β and fatigue following eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage. In: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 2010 ; Vol. 24, No. 4. pp. 564-568.
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