Role of prostanoids in cerebrovascular responses during seizures in piglets

D. W. Busija, Charles Leffler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We examined the role of prostanoids to bicuculline-induced seizures in newborn pigs. Using the closed cranial window method and radioimmunoassay for prostanoids, we found that pial arterioles dilated during seizures; this dilation was associated with increased cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of prostaglandin E2, 6-ketoprostaglandin F(1α), prostaglandin F(2α), and thromboxane B2. Using radioactive microspheres, we found cerebral blood flow (CBF) increased dramatically during seizures in piglets. To examine the effects of pharmacological blockade of cyclooxygenase, we determined CBF in piglets pretreated with indomethacin (5 mg/kg) and in a corresponding group of piglets made hypothermic to be sure preseizure CBF values were similar. In the hypothermic group, CBF increased during seizure, but the increase in CBF during seizure in the indomethacin group was reduced dramatically in all brain areas. We conclude that 1) bicuculline-induced seizures result in pial arteriolar dilation and increased CBF; 2) CSF levels of prostanoids increase during seizures; and 3) pretreatment with indomethacin severely blunts increases in CBF during seizures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume256
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1989

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Cerebrovascular Circulation
Prostaglandins
Seizures
Indomethacin
Bicuculline
Cerebrospinal Fluid
Dilatation
Thromboxane B2
Arterioles
Prostaglandins F
Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases
Microspheres
Dinoprostone
Radioimmunoassay
Swine
Pharmacology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology

Cite this

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title = "Role of prostanoids in cerebrovascular responses during seizures in piglets",
abstract = "We examined the role of prostanoids to bicuculline-induced seizures in newborn pigs. Using the closed cranial window method and radioimmunoassay for prostanoids, we found that pial arterioles dilated during seizures; this dilation was associated with increased cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of prostaglandin E2, 6-ketoprostaglandin F(1α), prostaglandin F(2α), and thromboxane B2. Using radioactive microspheres, we found cerebral blood flow (CBF) increased dramatically during seizures in piglets. To examine the effects of pharmacological blockade of cyclooxygenase, we determined CBF in piglets pretreated with indomethacin (5 mg/kg) and in a corresponding group of piglets made hypothermic to be sure preseizure CBF values were similar. In the hypothermic group, CBF increased during seizure, but the increase in CBF during seizure in the indomethacin group was reduced dramatically in all brain areas. We conclude that 1) bicuculline-induced seizures result in pial arteriolar dilation and increased CBF; 2) CSF levels of prostanoids increase during seizures; and 3) pretreatment with indomethacin severely blunts increases in CBF during seizures.",
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AU - Busija, D. W.

AU - Leffler, Charles

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N2 - We examined the role of prostanoids to bicuculline-induced seizures in newborn pigs. Using the closed cranial window method and radioimmunoassay for prostanoids, we found that pial arterioles dilated during seizures; this dilation was associated with increased cortical periarachnoid cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of prostaglandin E2, 6-ketoprostaglandin F(1α), prostaglandin F(2α), and thromboxane B2. Using radioactive microspheres, we found cerebral blood flow (CBF) increased dramatically during seizures in piglets. To examine the effects of pharmacological blockade of cyclooxygenase, we determined CBF in piglets pretreated with indomethacin (5 mg/kg) and in a corresponding group of piglets made hypothermic to be sure preseizure CBF values were similar. In the hypothermic group, CBF increased during seizure, but the increase in CBF during seizure in the indomethacin group was reduced dramatically in all brain areas. We conclude that 1) bicuculline-induced seizures result in pial arteriolar dilation and increased CBF; 2) CSF levels of prostanoids increase during seizures; and 3) pretreatment with indomethacin severely blunts increases in CBF during seizures.

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