Sensorimotor and psychosocial correlates of adaptive locomotor performance in older adults

Nandini Deshpande, E. Metter, Luigi Ferrucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deshpande N, Metter EJ, Ferrucci L. Sensorimotor and psychosocial correlates of adaptive locomotor performance in older adults. Objective: To identify sensorimotor and psychosocial factors independently associated with an inability to perform adaptive walking tasks in older adults. Design: Cross-sectional cohort study. Setting: Population-based older cohort. Participants: Community-living elderly (N=720; age <65y) who could walk 7m at self-selected normal speed. Interventions: Not applicable. Main Outcome Measures: Walking performance was assessed in 4 walking tests: fast walking, obstacle crossing, narrow-based walking, and walking while talking. Possible correlates of the inability to perform the walking test included knee extensor strength, lower limb coordination, Cumulative Somatosensory Impairment Index (CSII), visual acuity and contrast sensitivity, cognition, depression, personal mastery, social support, and years of education. Results: The results of binary logistic regression analyses, adjusted for demographics and self-selected normal speed, demonstrated that poor knee extensor strength was associated with an inability to perform tasks demanding an increase in walking speed (fast walking and obstacle crossing). Both poor lower limb coordination and higher CSII were significantly associated with failure in tests that demanded precise control over foot placement (obstacle crossing and narrow-based walking). Higher CSII was associated with failure in all tests except in the walking while talking. In contrast, poor cognition was associated with an inability to perform walking while talking. Poor personal mastery was the only variable that was associated with failure in all walking tests. Conclusions: The results demonstrated a systematic and coherent pattern in these associations and indicated possible sensorimotor and psychological parameters that should be specifically investigated and should be intervened if a patient reports a difficulty/inability in walking in certain situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1074-1079
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume92
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Walking
Cognition
Lower Extremity
Knee
Psychology
Contrast Sensitivity
Social Support
Visual Acuity
Foot
Cohort Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Depression
Education

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

Cite this

Sensorimotor and psychosocial correlates of adaptive locomotor performance in older adults. / Deshpande, Nandini; Metter, E.; Ferrucci, Luigi.

In: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Vol. 92, No. 7, 01.07.2011, p. 1074-1079.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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