Shaping ability of the M4 handpiece and Safety Hedstrom Files in simulated root canals

Adam Lloyd, A. Jaunberzins, A. Dhopatkar, S. Bryant, P. M.H. Dummer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the shaping ability of the M4 reciprocating handpiece and Safety Hedstrom files in simulated canals. A total of 40 simulated canals of various angles and positions of curvature were prepared with an M4 handpiece using Safety Hedstrom files oriented with the ground, flattened surface towards the inner aspect of the curve. A standard regimen was adopted throughout. Pre- and post-operative longitudinal images of the canals were taken with a video camera and stored and manipulated in a computer with image analysis software. The presence of canal aberrations and the amount and location of resin material removed as a result of preparation were determined from composite images of superimposed pre- and post-operative views. Preparation time varied significantly (P<0.001) between the canal types; overall, 20° canals were prepared more quickly than 40° canals. Zips and elbows were observed in 16 out of the 40 canals with most (11) being created in 40° specimens. Ledges were found in 19 canals and perforations in only 1. There were no significant differences between canal shapes for these aberrations. Excessive removal of material from the inner aspect of the canal at the curve to create a danger zone was found in 20 canals, but only in those with 40° curves. Significant differences in total canal width between the canal types were seen at the zips (P<0.05), elbows (P<0.05) and danger zones (P<0.001). Transportation at the danger zones varied significantly (P<0.001) between canal types. Under the conditions of this study, the M4 handpiece and Safety Hedstrom files created hour-glass preparations in a substantial proportion of canals. In reality, the Safety Hedstrom file with its one flattened surface was ineffective at reducing removal of material along the inner aspect of canal curves in severely curved specimens and clearly has the potential to create strip perforations in teeth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)16-24
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Endodontic Journal
Volume30
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

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Dental Pulp Cavity
Safety
Elbow
Glass
Tooth
Software

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Shaping ability of the M4 handpiece and Safety Hedstrom Files in simulated root canals. / Lloyd, Adam; Jaunberzins, A.; Dhopatkar, A.; Bryant, S.; Dummer, P. M.H.

In: International Endodontic Journal, Vol. 30, No. 1, 01.01.1997, p. 16-24.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lloyd, Adam ; Jaunberzins, A. ; Dhopatkar, A. ; Bryant, S. ; Dummer, P. M.H. / Shaping ability of the M4 handpiece and Safety Hedstrom Files in simulated root canals. In: International Endodontic Journal. 1997 ; Vol. 30, No. 1. pp. 16-24.
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