Side-to-side comparisons of bone mineral density in upper and lower limbs of collegiate athletes

Barbara S. McClanahan, Karen Harmon-Clayton, Kenneth D. Ward, Robert Klesges, Christopher M. Vukadinovich, Edwin D. Cantler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of participation in various sports on side-to-side (contralateral) differences in bone mineral density (BMD) of the upper and lower limbs. The BMD of the arms and legs was measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. The subjects were 184 collegiate athletes, both men and women, who participated in NCAA Division I-A baseball, basketball, football, golf, soccer, tennis, cross-country, indoor/outdoor track, and volleyball. Results revealed greater BMD of the right arms compared with the left arms for all teams, with the most pronounced differences observed in men's and women's tennis and men's baseball. Differences in the lower limbs were less common. No significant differences in lower limb BMD were found in the women. In men, differences in lower limb BMD were found in the football and tennis teams, with the nondominant leg having greater bone mass. Recognition of contralateral differences in bone density may be of particular interest to strength and conditioning professionals as they consider the need to include bilateral and unilateral training programs in an effort to maximize performance and minimize stress-related injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-590
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

Fingerprint

Athletes
Bone Density
Lower Extremity
Tennis
Baseball
Arm
Football
Leg
Volleyball
Golf
Basketball
Soccer
Photon Absorptiometry
Sports
Cross-Sectional Studies
Education
Bone and Bones
Wounds and Injuries

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Side-to-side comparisons of bone mineral density in upper and lower limbs of collegiate athletes. / McClanahan, Barbara S.; Harmon-Clayton, Karen; Ward, Kenneth D.; Klesges, Robert; Vukadinovich, Christopher M.; Cantler, Edwin D.

In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, Vol. 16, No. 4, 01.11.2002, p. 586-590.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

McClanahan, Barbara S. ; Harmon-Clayton, Karen ; Ward, Kenneth D. ; Klesges, Robert ; Vukadinovich, Christopher M. ; Cantler, Edwin D. / Side-to-side comparisons of bone mineral density in upper and lower limbs of collegiate athletes. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2002 ; Vol. 16, No. 4. pp. 586-590.
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