Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children

Athanasios G. Kaditis, Jonathan Finder, Emmanouel I. Alexopoulos, Konstantinos Starantzis, Kalliopi Tanou, Stella Gampeta, Eleftherios Agorogiannis, Sofia Christodoulou, Anastasia Pantazidou, Konstantinos Gourgoulianis, Paschalis Adam Molyvdas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

143 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The goal of the present investigation was to describe the prevalence of and clinical factors associated with sleep-disordered breathing in children and adolescents. Children and adolescents (3,680 in all, 1-18 years old) attending schools in central Greece were surveyed by questionnaires distributed to parents. We found a similar prevalence of habitual snoring (present every night) among three different age groups (5.3%, 4%, and 3.8% in 1-6-, 7-12-, and 13-18-year-old subjects, P = NS). Several children with an adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy were snoring every night (6.1%), whereas sleepiness at school was more common in habitual snorers than in nonhabitual snorers (4.6 vs. 2%, P = 0.03). Seventy randomly selected subjects among 307 snorers without adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy underwent polysomnography. The estimated frequency of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea among children without adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy was 4.3%. Factors associated with snoring were: male gender (odds ratio 1.5 (confidence interval, 1.2-1.9)); chronic rhinitis (2.1 (1.6-2.7)); snoring in father (1.5 (1.2-1.9)), mother (1.5 (1.1-2.0)), or siblings (1.7 (1.2-2.4)); adenoidectomy in mother (1.5 (1.0-2.2)); and passive smoking (1.4 (1.1-1.8)). In conclusion, snoring every night was equally prevalent in younger and older ages, more frequent in males, and present even in some children with a history of adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy. Chronic rhinitis, family history of snoring, and exposure to cigarette smoke were associated with an increased frequency of habitual snoring.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-509
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric Pulmonology
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2004

Fingerprint

Snoring
Sleep Apnea Syndromes
Adenoidectomy
Tonsillectomy
Rhinitis
Mothers
Tobacco Smoke Pollution
Polysomnography
Greece
Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Smoke
Tobacco Products
Fathers
Siblings
Age Groups
Parents
Odds Ratio
Confidence Intervals

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

Kaditis, A. G., Finder, J., Alexopoulos, E. I., Starantzis, K., Tanou, K., Gampeta, S., ... Molyvdas, P. A. (2004). Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children. Pediatric Pulmonology, 37(6), 499-509. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20002

Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children. / Kaditis, Athanasios G.; Finder, Jonathan; Alexopoulos, Emmanouel I.; Starantzis, Konstantinos; Tanou, Kalliopi; Gampeta, Stella; Agorogiannis, Eleftherios; Christodoulou, Sofia; Pantazidou, Anastasia; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos; Molyvdas, Paschalis Adam.

In: Pediatric Pulmonology, Vol. 37, No. 6, 01.06.2004, p. 499-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kaditis, AG, Finder, J, Alexopoulos, EI, Starantzis, K, Tanou, K, Gampeta, S, Agorogiannis, E, Christodoulou, S, Pantazidou, A, Gourgoulianis, K & Molyvdas, PA 2004, 'Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children', Pediatric Pulmonology, vol. 37, no. 6, pp. 499-509. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20002
Kaditis AG, Finder J, Alexopoulos EI, Starantzis K, Tanou K, Gampeta S et al. Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children. Pediatric Pulmonology. 2004 Jun 1;37(6):499-509. https://doi.org/10.1002/ppul.20002
Kaditis, Athanasios G. ; Finder, Jonathan ; Alexopoulos, Emmanouel I. ; Starantzis, Konstantinos ; Tanou, Kalliopi ; Gampeta, Stella ; Agorogiannis, Eleftherios ; Christodoulou, Sofia ; Pantazidou, Anastasia ; Gourgoulianis, Konstantinos ; Molyvdas, Paschalis Adam. / Sleep-disordered breathing in 3,680 Greek children. In: Pediatric Pulmonology. 2004 ; Vol. 37, No. 6. pp. 499-509.
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abstract = "The goal of the present investigation was to describe the prevalence of and clinical factors associated with sleep-disordered breathing in children and adolescents. Children and adolescents (3,680 in all, 1-18 years old) attending schools in central Greece were surveyed by questionnaires distributed to parents. We found a similar prevalence of habitual snoring (present every night) among three different age groups (5.3{\%}, 4{\%}, and 3.8{\%} in 1-6-, 7-12-, and 13-18-year-old subjects, P = NS). Several children with an adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy were snoring every night (6.1{\%}), whereas sleepiness at school was more common in habitual snorers than in nonhabitual snorers (4.6 vs. 2{\%}, P = 0.03). Seventy randomly selected subjects among 307 snorers without adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy underwent polysomnography. The estimated frequency of obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea among children without adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy was 4.3{\%}. Factors associated with snoring were: male gender (odds ratio 1.5 (confidence interval, 1.2-1.9)); chronic rhinitis (2.1 (1.6-2.7)); snoring in father (1.5 (1.2-1.9)), mother (1.5 (1.1-2.0)), or siblings (1.7 (1.2-2.4)); adenoidectomy in mother (1.5 (1.0-2.2)); and passive smoking (1.4 (1.1-1.8)). In conclusion, snoring every night was equally prevalent in younger and older ages, more frequent in males, and present even in some children with a history of adenoidectomy and/or tonsillectomy. Chronic rhinitis, family history of snoring, and exposure to cigarette smoke were associated with an increased frequency of habitual snoring.",
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