Smoking prevalence and risk factors for smoking in a population of United States Air Force basic trainees

C. Keith Haddock, Robert Klesges, Gerald Talcott, Harry Lando, Risa J. Stein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective - To provide a comprehensive assessment of smoking prevalence and risks for smoking in an entire population of United States Air Force (USAF) military basic trainees (n = 32 144). Design - Population-based survey with every individual entering the USAF enlisted force from August 1995 to August 1996. Setting - USAF Basic Military Training (BMT) facility at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. All trainees were assessed during the first week of BMT. Main outcome measures - A 53-item questionnaire was developed to assess four domains: demographics, smoking history, risk factors for smoking, and other health behaviours. Results - Approximately 32% of the trainees smoked regularly before basic training and a small percentage of the trainees (7.6%) described themselves as exsmokers. Men, Euro-Americans, and those from lower educational backgrounds were more likely to smoke than other trainees. On average, smokers had smoked for approximately four years and had low nicotine dependence scores. Individuals who had smoked before BMT were more likely to use other drugs (such as alcohol, binge drinking, smokeless tobacco), and were less physically active than never-smokers. These findings were particularly strong for those who smoked up to basic training but were also evident for ex-smokers. Conclusions - Smoking is a prevalent risk factor among individuals entering the USAF. Furthermore, smoking was related to other risk factors believed to lower military readiness, including alcohol use and decreased physical activity. Comprehensive tobacco control policies aimed at reducing smoking among military trainees are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-235
Number of pages4
JournalTobacco Control
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998

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air force
trainee
smoking
Smoking
Air
Military
Population
nicotine
Military Facilities
alcohol
Binge Drinking
Smokeless Tobacco
Tobacco Use Disorder
Health Behavior
health behavior
Smoke
Alcohol Drinking
Tobacco
History
Alcohols

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Smoking prevalence and risk factors for smoking in a population of United States Air Force basic trainees. / Haddock, C. Keith; Klesges, Robert; Talcott, Gerald; Lando, Harry; Stein, Risa J.

In: Tobacco Control, Vol. 7, No. 3, 01.01.1998, p. 232-235.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haddock, C. Keith ; Klesges, Robert ; Talcott, Gerald ; Lando, Harry ; Stein, Risa J. / Smoking prevalence and risk factors for smoking in a population of United States Air Force basic trainees. In: Tobacco Control. 1998 ; Vol. 7, No. 3. pp. 232-235.
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