Spatial patterns and health disparities in pediatric lead exposure in Chicago

Characteristics and profiles of high-risk neighborhoods

Tonny Oyana, Florence M. Margai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lead poisoning remains a major environmental health threat and a persistent source of health disparities in the United States. In this retrospective study, statistical and geospatial approaches were used to evaluate age- and gender-specific differences in childhood lead prevalence across Chicago, assess the spatiotemporal dynamics of the disease, and identify the socioeconomic and racial composition of high-risk communities. Elevated blood lead levels (≥ 10 μg/dL of lead) decreased significantly during the study period but disparities persisted across neighborhoods. A significant association was observed between high-risk neighborhoods and housing age, low income, and minority populations. These findings provide insights into the complex geographies of lead exposure and could serve as a basis for developing more targeted health intervention programs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)46-65
Number of pages20
JournalProfessional Geographer
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 22 2010

Fingerprint

health
gender-specific factors
low income
poisoning
childhood
housing
minority
threat
geography
Disease
gender
blood
income
community
exposure
environmental health
programme
socioeconomics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Spatial patterns and health disparities in pediatric lead exposure in Chicago : Characteristics and profiles of high-risk neighborhoods. / Oyana, Tonny; Margai, Florence M.

In: Professional Geographer, Vol. 62, No. 1, 22.01.2010, p. 46-65.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{0de3d932796245b3b505f05222539bb3,
title = "Spatial patterns and health disparities in pediatric lead exposure in Chicago: Characteristics and profiles of high-risk neighborhoods",
abstract = "Lead poisoning remains a major environmental health threat and a persistent source of health disparities in the United States. In this retrospective study, statistical and geospatial approaches were used to evaluate age- and gender-specific differences in childhood lead prevalence across Chicago, assess the spatiotemporal dynamics of the disease, and identify the socioeconomic and racial composition of high-risk communities. Elevated blood lead levels (≥ 10 μg/dL of lead) decreased significantly during the study period but disparities persisted across neighborhoods. A significant association was observed between high-risk neighborhoods and housing age, low income, and minority populations. These findings provide insights into the complex geographies of lead exposure and could serve as a basis for developing more targeted health intervention programs.",
author = "Tonny Oyana and Margai, {Florence M.}",
year = "2010",
month = "1",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1080/00330120903375894",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "46--65",
journal = "Professional Geographer",
issn = "0033-0124",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Spatial patterns and health disparities in pediatric lead exposure in Chicago

T2 - Characteristics and profiles of high-risk neighborhoods

AU - Oyana, Tonny

AU - Margai, Florence M.

PY - 2010/1/22

Y1 - 2010/1/22

N2 - Lead poisoning remains a major environmental health threat and a persistent source of health disparities in the United States. In this retrospective study, statistical and geospatial approaches were used to evaluate age- and gender-specific differences in childhood lead prevalence across Chicago, assess the spatiotemporal dynamics of the disease, and identify the socioeconomic and racial composition of high-risk communities. Elevated blood lead levels (≥ 10 μg/dL of lead) decreased significantly during the study period but disparities persisted across neighborhoods. A significant association was observed between high-risk neighborhoods and housing age, low income, and minority populations. These findings provide insights into the complex geographies of lead exposure and could serve as a basis for developing more targeted health intervention programs.

AB - Lead poisoning remains a major environmental health threat and a persistent source of health disparities in the United States. In this retrospective study, statistical and geospatial approaches were used to evaluate age- and gender-specific differences in childhood lead prevalence across Chicago, assess the spatiotemporal dynamics of the disease, and identify the socioeconomic and racial composition of high-risk communities. Elevated blood lead levels (≥ 10 μg/dL of lead) decreased significantly during the study period but disparities persisted across neighborhoods. A significant association was observed between high-risk neighborhoods and housing age, low income, and minority populations. These findings provide insights into the complex geographies of lead exposure and could serve as a basis for developing more targeted health intervention programs.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74349083047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74349083047&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/00330120903375894

DO - 10.1080/00330120903375894

M3 - Article

VL - 62

SP - 46

EP - 65

JO - Professional Geographer

JF - Professional Geographer

SN - 0033-0124

IS - 1

ER -