Specificity in the interaction of high-voltage-activated ca2+ channel types with ca2+-dependent afterhyperpolarizations in magnocellular supraoptic neurons

Matthew K. Kirchner, Robert Foehring, Joseph Callaway, William Armstrong

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Abstract

Magnocellular oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons express an afterhyperpolarization (AHP) following spike trains that attenuates firing rate and contributes to burst patterning. This AHP includes contributions from an apamin-sensitive, medium-duration AHP (mAHP) and from an apamin-insensitive, slow-duration AHP (sAHP). These AHPs are Ca2+ dependent and activated by Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Across central nervous system neurons that generate Ca2+-dependent AHPs, the Ca2+ channels that couple to the mAHP and sAHP differ greatly, but for magnocellular neurosecretory cells this relationship is unknown. Using simultaneous whole cell recording and Ca2+ imaging, we evaluated the effect of specific high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel blockers on the mAHP and sAHP. Block of all HVA channels via 400 μM Cd2+ inhibited almost the entire AHP. We tested nifedipine, conotoxin GVIA, agatoxin IVA, and SNX-482, specific blockers of L-, N-, P/Q-, and R-type channels, respectively. The N-type channel blocker conotoxin GVIA (1 μM) was the only toxin that inhibited the mAHP in either OT or VP neurons although the effect on VP neurons was weaker by comparison. The sAHP was significantly inhibited by N-type block in OT neurons and by R-type block in VP neurons although neither accounted for the entirety of the sAHP. Thus the mAHP appears to be elicited by Ca2+ from mostly N-type channels in both OT and VP neurons, but the contributions of specific Ca2+ channel types to the sAHP in each cell type are different. Alternative sources to HVA channels may contribute Ca2+ for the sAHP. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Despite the importance of afterhyperpolarization (AHP) mechanisms for regulating firing behavior of oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons of supraoptic nucleus, which types of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels elicit AHPs in these cells was unknown. We found that N-type channels couple to the medium AHP in both cell types. For the slow AHP, N-type channels contribute in OT neurons, whereas R-type contribute in VP neurons. No single Ca2+ channel blocker abolished the entire AHP, suggesting that additional Ca2+ sources are involved.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1728-1739
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neurophysiology
Volume120
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2018

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Vasopressins
Neurons
Oxytocin
Apamin
Agatoxins
Conotoxins
Supraoptic Nucleus
Patch-Clamp Techniques
Nifedipine
Central Nervous System

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{140cda441fac4baa9445accdcf4b1cf6,
title = "Specificity in the interaction of high-voltage-activated ca2+ channel types with ca2+-dependent afterhyperpolarizations in magnocellular supraoptic neurons",
abstract = "Magnocellular oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons express an afterhyperpolarization (AHP) following spike trains that attenuates firing rate and contributes to burst patterning. This AHP includes contributions from an apamin-sensitive, medium-duration AHP (mAHP) and from an apamin-insensitive, slow-duration AHP (sAHP). These AHPs are Ca2+ dependent and activated by Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Across central nervous system neurons that generate Ca2+-dependent AHPs, the Ca2+ channels that couple to the mAHP and sAHP differ greatly, but for magnocellular neurosecretory cells this relationship is unknown. Using simultaneous whole cell recording and Ca2+ imaging, we evaluated the effect of specific high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel blockers on the mAHP and sAHP. Block of all HVA channels via 400 μM Cd2+ inhibited almost the entire AHP. We tested nifedipine, conotoxin GVIA, agatoxin IVA, and SNX-482, specific blockers of L-, N-, P/Q-, and R-type channels, respectively. The N-type channel blocker conotoxin GVIA (1 μM) was the only toxin that inhibited the mAHP in either OT or VP neurons although the effect on VP neurons was weaker by comparison. The sAHP was significantly inhibited by N-type block in OT neurons and by R-type block in VP neurons although neither accounted for the entirety of the sAHP. Thus the mAHP appears to be elicited by Ca2+ from mostly N-type channels in both OT and VP neurons, but the contributions of specific Ca2+ channel types to the sAHP in each cell type are different. Alternative sources to HVA channels may contribute Ca2+ for the sAHP. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Despite the importance of afterhyperpolarization (AHP) mechanisms for regulating firing behavior of oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons of supraoptic nucleus, which types of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels elicit AHPs in these cells was unknown. We found that N-type channels couple to the medium AHP in both cell types. For the slow AHP, N-type channels contribute in OT neurons, whereas R-type contribute in VP neurons. No single Ca2+ channel blocker abolished the entire AHP, suggesting that additional Ca2+ sources are involved.",
author = "Kirchner, {Matthew K.} and Robert Foehring and Joseph Callaway and William Armstrong",
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T1 - Specificity in the interaction of high-voltage-activated ca2+ channel types with ca2+-dependent afterhyperpolarizations in magnocellular supraoptic neurons

AU - Kirchner, Matthew K.

AU - Foehring, Robert

AU - Callaway, Joseph

AU - Armstrong, William

PY - 2018/10/1

Y1 - 2018/10/1

N2 - Magnocellular oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons express an afterhyperpolarization (AHP) following spike trains that attenuates firing rate and contributes to burst patterning. This AHP includes contributions from an apamin-sensitive, medium-duration AHP (mAHP) and from an apamin-insensitive, slow-duration AHP (sAHP). These AHPs are Ca2+ dependent and activated by Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Across central nervous system neurons that generate Ca2+-dependent AHPs, the Ca2+ channels that couple to the mAHP and sAHP differ greatly, but for magnocellular neurosecretory cells this relationship is unknown. Using simultaneous whole cell recording and Ca2+ imaging, we evaluated the effect of specific high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel blockers on the mAHP and sAHP. Block of all HVA channels via 400 μM Cd2+ inhibited almost the entire AHP. We tested nifedipine, conotoxin GVIA, agatoxin IVA, and SNX-482, specific blockers of L-, N-, P/Q-, and R-type channels, respectively. The N-type channel blocker conotoxin GVIA (1 μM) was the only toxin that inhibited the mAHP in either OT or VP neurons although the effect on VP neurons was weaker by comparison. The sAHP was significantly inhibited by N-type block in OT neurons and by R-type block in VP neurons although neither accounted for the entirety of the sAHP. Thus the mAHP appears to be elicited by Ca2+ from mostly N-type channels in both OT and VP neurons, but the contributions of specific Ca2+ channel types to the sAHP in each cell type are different. Alternative sources to HVA channels may contribute Ca2+ for the sAHP. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Despite the importance of afterhyperpolarization (AHP) mechanisms for regulating firing behavior of oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons of supraoptic nucleus, which types of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels elicit AHPs in these cells was unknown. We found that N-type channels couple to the medium AHP in both cell types. For the slow AHP, N-type channels contribute in OT neurons, whereas R-type contribute in VP neurons. No single Ca2+ channel blocker abolished the entire AHP, suggesting that additional Ca2+ sources are involved.

AB - Magnocellular oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons express an afterhyperpolarization (AHP) following spike trains that attenuates firing rate and contributes to burst patterning. This AHP includes contributions from an apamin-sensitive, medium-duration AHP (mAHP) and from an apamin-insensitive, slow-duration AHP (sAHP). These AHPs are Ca2+ dependent and activated by Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated Ca2+ channels. Across central nervous system neurons that generate Ca2+-dependent AHPs, the Ca2+ channels that couple to the mAHP and sAHP differ greatly, but for magnocellular neurosecretory cells this relationship is unknown. Using simultaneous whole cell recording and Ca2+ imaging, we evaluated the effect of specific high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel blockers on the mAHP and sAHP. Block of all HVA channels via 400 μM Cd2+ inhibited almost the entire AHP. We tested nifedipine, conotoxin GVIA, agatoxin IVA, and SNX-482, specific blockers of L-, N-, P/Q-, and R-type channels, respectively. The N-type channel blocker conotoxin GVIA (1 μM) was the only toxin that inhibited the mAHP in either OT or VP neurons although the effect on VP neurons was weaker by comparison. The sAHP was significantly inhibited by N-type block in OT neurons and by R-type block in VP neurons although neither accounted for the entirety of the sAHP. Thus the mAHP appears to be elicited by Ca2+ from mostly N-type channels in both OT and VP neurons, but the contributions of specific Ca2+ channel types to the sAHP in each cell type are different. Alternative sources to HVA channels may contribute Ca2+ for the sAHP. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Despite the importance of afterhyperpolarization (AHP) mechanisms for regulating firing behavior of oxytocin (OT) and vasopressin (VP) neurons of supraoptic nucleus, which types of high-voltage-activated Ca2+ channels elicit AHPs in these cells was unknown. We found that N-type channels couple to the medium AHP in both cell types. For the slow AHP, N-type channels contribute in OT neurons, whereas R-type contribute in VP neurons. No single Ca2+ channel blocker abolished the entire AHP, suggesting that additional Ca2+ sources are involved.

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