Staging of intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses

Giancarlo Mari, Farhan Hanif, Kathrin Drennan, Michael Kruger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of cardiovascular, ultrasonographic, and clinical parameters for developing a staging classification of intrauterine growth-restricted (IUGR) fetuses delivered at 32 weeks or earlier. Methods. Intrauterine growth restriction was defined as the presence of an estimated fetal weight below the 10th percentile. Intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses were staged according to the following parameters, with the presence of any 1 parameter in a stage placing the fetus in that stage: stage I, an abnormal umbilical artery or middle cerebral artery pulsatility index; stage II, an abnormal middle cerebral artery peak systolic velocity, umbilical artery absent/reversed diastolic flow, umbilical vein pulsation and an abnormal ductus venosus pulsatility index; and stage III, reversed flow at the ductus venosus or reversed flow at the umbilical vein, an abnormal tricuspid E wave (early ventricular filling)/A wave (late ventricular filling) ratio, and tricuspid regurgitation. Each stage was divided into A (amniotic fluid index [AFI] <5 cm) and B (AFI >5 cm). The presence of maternal abnormalities was also reported. Results. Seventy-four IUGR fetuses delivered at 32 weeks or earlier were included. Gestational age at delivery was greater in stage I fetuses compared with the other stages. Birth weight decreased with advancing stages. Stage III fetuses had the lowest AFI. There was a direct correlation between the severity of staging and both perinatal mortality and mortality occurring between 20 weeks' gestation and before the neonates were discharged from the hospital (P < .05). Condusions. The staging system proposed here may allow comparison of outcome data for IUGR fetuses and may be valuable in determining more timely delivery for these high-risk fetuses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1469-1477
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Ultrasound in Medicine
Volume26
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2007

Fingerprint

Fetus
Growth
Umbilical Veins
Umbilical Arteries
Middle Cerebral Artery
Amniotic Fluid
Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency
Fetal Weight
Perinatal Mortality
Birth Weight
Gestational Age
Mothers
Pregnancy
Mortality

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Staging of intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses. / Mari, Giancarlo; Hanif, Farhan; Drennan, Kathrin; Kruger, Michael.

In: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine, Vol. 26, No. 11, 01.01.2007, p. 1469-1477.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mari, Giancarlo ; Hanif, Farhan ; Drennan, Kathrin ; Kruger, Michael. / Staging of intrauterine growth-restricted fetuses. In: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2007 ; Vol. 26, No. 11. pp. 1469-1477.
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